National Tokens by country...

Check out all the souvenir coins in the country of your choice.

Below you can find an overview of the general coin specifications that apply to the collection in this country. Scroll down to discover the coins piece by piece, or use the ‘select a coin’ box to jump directly to any specific coin that you are looking for.

Germany

Germany
General coin specifications

Color Diameter Thickness Edge No. coins No. variations
brass
champagne
gold
silver
31.00 mm
35.00 mm
2.00 mm
2.25 mm
2.35 mm
serrated, coarse
serrated, fine
serrated, fine with script
smooth
155 238

COLDITZ

COLDITZ - Schloss Colditz

Colditz Castle is a Renaissance castle in the town of Colditz near Leipzig, Dresden and Chemnitz in the state of Saxony in Germany. Used as a workhouse for the indigent and a mental institution for over 100 years, it gained international fame as a prisoner-of-war camp during World War II for "incorrigible" Allied officers who had repeatedly escaped from other camps.
The castle lies between the towns of Hartha and Grimma on a hill spur over the Zwickauer Mulde and had the first wildlife park in Germany.

COLDITZ

AACHEN

AACHEN - Aachener Dom

The Aachen Cathedral, frequently referred to as the "Imperial Cathedral" of Aachen, is the oldest cathedral in northern Europe. Charlemagne began the construction of the Palatine Chapel in 786. When he died in 814, he was buried in his own cathedral, and his bones are still preserved in a special shrine.
The cathedral obtained its present shape in the course of more than a millennium. The core of the Aachen cathedral is the Palatine Chapel; being surprisingly small in comparison to the later additions, at the time of its construction it was the largest dome north of the Alps. For 600 years, from 936 to 1531, the Aachen cathedral was the church of coronation for 30 kings of the Holy Roman Empire.

AACHEN

AMRUM

AMRUM - Amrum Nordseeinsel

Amrum is one of the North Frisian Islands on the German North Sea coast, south of Sylt and west of Föhr. It is part of the Nordfriesland district in the federal state of Schleswig-Holstein. With the island being a refuge for many endangered species of plants and animals, its soil being largely unfavourable for agriculture and as a popular seaside resort in general, Amrum's population almost exclusively lives from the tourism industry.

AMRUM

AMRUM

AMRUM - Amrumer Leuchtturm

Amrum is one of the North Frisian Islands on the German North Sea coast, south of Sylt and west of Föhr. It is part of the Nordfriesland district in the federal state of Schleswig-Holstein. With the island being a refuge for many endangered species of plants and animals, its soil being largely unfavourable for agriculture and as a popular seaside resort in general, Amrum's population almost exclusively lives from the tourism industry.

AMRUM

SACHSEN

Anna Constantia Grävin von Cosel

Anna Constantia von Brockdorff (17 October 1680 – 31 March 1765), later the Countess of Cosel, was a German noblewoman and mistress of Augustus the Strong, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony. Eventually he turned against her and exiled her to Saxony, where she died after 49 years of imprisonment.
Anna Constantia was born in Gut Depenau, today part of Stolpe, Holstein, the daughter of the Knight (Ritter) Joachim von Brockdorff and his wife Anna Margarethe, daughter of the rich Hamburg citizen Leonhard Marselis, owner of Gut Depenauborn.

SACHSEN

BAD ESSEN

BAD ESSEN - Blütenbert

Blütenbert is the mascot of the national garden show in Bad Essen 2010.
Stefanie Ludwig came up with the idea for the costume of this garden gnome. While Sigrid Schütte gave the gnome a name.
On the 12th of March 2009 the council of Bad Essen decided to apply for the national garden show, and signed the agreement a few weeks later at the 26th of March 2009.
In the beginning of April 2 architect teams were assigned to the project after a design contest for two main areas: ‘Kur- und Solepark’ and ‘Park von Schloss Ippenburg’.
The 2 teams - Carl Landscape Architecture and JKL Landscape Architects are responsible for the magnificent result.

BAD ESSEN

BAD HOMBURG

BAD HOMBURG - Antoninus Pius

Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus, generally known in English as Antoninus Pius was Roman emperor from 138 to 161. He was the fourth of the Five Good Emperors and a member of the Aurelii. Almost certainly, he earned the name "Pius" because he compelled the Senate to deify his adoptive father Hadrian; the Historia Augusta, however, suggests that he may have earned the name by saving senators sentenced to death by Hadrian in his later years.

BAD HOMBURG

BERLIN

BERLIN - Berliner Dom

Berlin Cathedral is the colloquial name for the Evangelical Oberpfarr- und Domkirche  in Berlin, Germany. It is the parish church of the Evangelical congregation Gemeinde der Oberpfarr- und Domkirche zu Berlin, a member of the umbrella organization Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia. Its present building is located on Museum Island in the Mitte borough.
The Supreme Parish and Collegiate Church in Berlin, ca. 1900.The Berlin Cathedral had never been a cathedral in the actual sense of that term since it has never been the seat of a bishop. The bishop of the Evangelical Church in Berlin-Brandenburg (under this name 1945-2003) is based in St. Mary's Church, Berlin, and Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church. St. Hedwig's Cathedral serves as seat of Berlin's Roman Catholic Metropolitan bishop.

BERLIN

BONN

BONN - Altes Rathaus

Bonn's city hall, originally constructed in Roccoco style in 1737, brilliantly dominates the three-cornered market place.
The building was reconstructed after World War II. The building played a significant political role while Bonn was the country's capital, from 1949 to 1999. Many national government institutions were moved from Bonn to Berlin after the after the unification, so the city hall now serves purely ceremonial purposes.
The city hall’s flight of outdoor stairs with its golden grating had been the scene of many historical events. In 1962, Charles de Gaulle, the French President of the State, delivered an address here, and US President John F. Kennedy did so in 1963. The list would become quite long, if all emperors, kings and presidents, as well as all world stars from the sectors of music and sports who visited Bonn were to mention here.

BONN

BORKUM

BORKUM - Feuerschiff

Borkumriff was from 1875 to 1988, a fire ship's position to position 53 ° 43 '0 "  N , 6 ° 23 '0 "  O53. 6.38 (from 1970 because of the changed shipping routes on 53 ° 48 '0 "  N , 6 ° 22 '0 "  O53.8 6.3), approximately 30 kilometers northwest of the island of Borkum in one of the main waterways of the German Bight . The ships were used during active use in this position, the term lightship Borkum Reef

  • Location information
  • http://www.feuerschiffseite.de

BORKUM

BERLIN

Brandenburger Tor

The Brandenburg Gate is a triumphal arch, the symbol of Berlin. Located on the Pariser Platz, it is the only remaining one of the series of gates through which one entered Berlin. It constitutes the monumental termination of Unter den Linden, the renowned boulevard of linden trees which led directly to the royal residence. It was commissioned by Friedrich Wilhelm II as a sign of peace and built by Karl Gotthard Langhans from 1788 to 1791.

The Brandenburg Gate consists of twelve Greek Doric columns, six on each side. This allows for five roadways, although originally ordinary citizens were only allowed to use the outer two. Above the gate is the Quadriga, consisting of the goddess of peace, driving a four-horse chariot in triumph. The gate stands 26 meters high, 65,5 meters wide and 11 meters thick

BERLIN

BÜCKEBURG

BÜCKEBURG - 40 Jahre Drehende Flügel

The Helicopter Museum Bückeburg right in the city center of Bückeburg, 50 miles west of Hanover, at Sable Square. It is the only Drehflüglermuseum in Germany and one of the few in the world. The museum describes the history and technology of helicopters.

BÜCKEBURG

BORNHAGEN

Burg Hanstein

According to the cronicles of Corvey Abbey a haanstedihus was given to one Eilhard between 826-853. The chronicler Lambert of Hersfeld mentioned the destruction of Burg Hanenstein, then in possession of Saxon Count Otto von Northeim, by King Henry IV in 1070. The castle was inherited by the House of Welf and in 1203 it was in the possession of Count Palatine Henry V, then of his brother Emperor Otto IV, who in 1209 granted it to the Archbishopric of Mainz.

 

In 1308, Heinrich and Lippold von Hanstein with the permission of Bishop Peter of Aspelt began to re-build the whole of the castle. The walls and gates destroyed during the Thirty Years' War were re-built between 1655 and 1658. In 1840, the building of a new hall for family conferences was being finished.

 

Massive renovations between 1904 and 1907.

 

In 1946, Hanstein Castle became the property of the German Democratic Republic. Due to the fact that the border was only several hundred meters away one of the towers was used by the border guard as a watch tower. Some renovations started in 1985, although no tourists were allowed to go to the castle, because of the border.

 

Since 1990, Hanstein Castle belongs to the municipal council of Bornhagen. English photographer Mark Robert Davey helped the castle in 2006 by raising money with his black and white photograph of the Hanstein. In 2008, Hanstein Castle celebrates 700 years. Various festivals are taking place every year.

BORNHAGEN

LAHNSTEIN

Burg Lahneck

Burg Lahneck is a 13th century castle on the banks of the Rhine, at Lahnstein near Koblenz.

The castle is well-known by the death of Idilia Dubb in June 1851. In her holidays the 17 year old girl mounted the high tower of castle Lahneck, when suddenly the wooden stairs collapsed behind her. Nobody heard her crying and calling on the point of the tower, because it was surrounded with an insurmountable wall 3 meters high. She was only found after years in 1860, her diary hidden in the walls some weeks later. The last sentences in her diary: All I know is that there is no hope for me. My death is certain. ... Father in heaven, have mercy on my soul (drawn down with two hearts).

LAHNSTEIN

ANNWEILER

Burg Trifels

Burg Trifels (Trifels Castle) is a medieval castle at an elevation 500m near the small town of Annweiler, in the Palatinate, Germany. It is located on one peak of a three-way split red sandstone rock (the name Trifels means threefold rock), and it is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the area.

First mentioned in a document of 1081, it was a place of safekeeping for the Imperial Regalia of the Holy Roman Empire in the 12th and 13th century. The castle is most famous as the place where the English King Richard I of England (Richard the Lionheart) was imprisoned after his return from the crusades. The castle is characterized by a large well tower outside the ring wall, linked to the castle by a bridge.

ANNWEILER

BERNKASTEL-KUES

Burgruine Landshut

Bernkastel-Kues is a town over 700 years old, located on the Middle Moselle river in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich, in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Towering above the city of Bernkastel on a hill is the "Burgruine Landshut" (ruin of the Castle of Landshut), built in 1277.

It became a residence of the bishops of Trier in the 1200s. On January 8, 1692, a devastating fire swept the castle. What remained after the fire was preserved basically as it stands today.

The castle ruin is open to the public, admission free, and gives a beautiful view over the city and the vineyards of the Mosel valley.

BERNKASTEL-KUES

BÜSUM

Büsum 175 Jahre

Büsum is a fishing and tourist town in the district of Dithmarschen, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is situated on the North Sea coast, approx. 18 km southwest of Heide.

Since 1818, Büsum has been used as a spa town visited for the healing effects of the seawater and the mudflats of the Walden Sea. It gained official Nordseebad (North Sea spa) status in 1837.

In 1949, Büsum was officially named a Nordseeheilbad (North Sea health spa). Nowadays, Büsum is a popular summer vacation spot for families and day trips from Hamburg.

One of Büsum's landmarks is the lighthouse. Built in 1912/13 from 55 tons of cast iron plates, it was originally painted black until it received its characteristic red and white coat in 1952.

BÜSUM

BÜSUM

Büsumer Leuchtturm

A listed monument, the nearly 80-foot-high Büsum Lighthouse has been flashing its signal since 1913. The Royal Office for Aquatic Engineering (Königliches Wasserbauamt) was responsible for its construction and although the lighthouse was officially commissioned 30th December 1912, ten months were to pass before the signal light could be put into operation. Today, the lighthouse is managed by the Waterways and Shipping Office (Wasser- und Schifffahrtsamt) in Tönning and has been remote-controlled from a central control station there since 1976.

BÜSUM

BERLIN

Checkpoint Charlie

Checkpoint Charlie (or "Checkpoint C") was the name given by the Western Allies to the best-known Berlin Wall crossing point between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War.

 

The Soviet Union prompted the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961 to stem the flow of Eastern Bloc emigration westward through what had become a "loophole" in the Soviet border system, preventing escape over the city sector border from East Berlin to West Berlin. Checkpoint Charlie became a symbol of the Cold War, representing the separation of east and west, and—for some East Germans—a gateway to freedom. Soviet and American tanks briefly faced off at the location during the Berlin Crisis of 1961.

 

After the dissolution of the Eastern Bloc and the reunification of Germany, the building at Checkpoint Charlie became a tourist attraction. It is now located in the Allied Museum in the Dahlem neighborhood of Berlin.

BERLIN

BERLIN

Checkpoint Charlie

Checkpoint Charlie was the name given by the Western Allies to a crossing point between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War, located at the junction of Friedrichstraße with Zimmerstraße and Mauerstraße.

It was designated as the single crossing point for foreigners and members of the Allied forces. The other six checkpoints were for West Germans and/or West Berliners.The name Charlie came for the letter C in the NATO phonetic alphabet. Checkpoint Charlie became a symbol of the Cold War, representing the separation of east and west, and it is frequently featured in spy movies and books.

The border-crossing point was removed in 1990, shortly before formal German reunification. A replica of the original building was rebuilt on the site in 2000, as a symbol of history and a curiosity for tourists.

BERLIN

COCHEM

Cochemer Sesselbahn

The Cochem chair lift offers you a charming ride that will take you up to the „Pinner Kreuz“. A footpath at the top will take you to one of the most panoramic viewpoints over the town which is dominated by the impressive castle.

The region is famous for its wine industry, and from the top of the hill you get a splendid view over the vineyards on the surrounding hillsides of the Moselle River valley.

COCHEM

KÖLN

COLOGNE - Ohh...!de Cologne

Cologne is Germany's fourth-largest city (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich), and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area.
Cologne is located on both sides of the Rhine River. The city's famous Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) is the seat of the Catholic Archbishop of Cologne. The University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln) is one of Europe's oldest and largest universities.
Cologne was founded and established in the first century AD, as the Roman Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium in Ubii territory.

KÖLN

FULDA

Deutsche Feuerwehren - Autospritze 1922

The German Fire Brigade Museum in Fulda was founded in 1963 and in 1988 an extra part was opened, the 1,600 m² exhibition area is presenting the history of the fire brigade from the Middle Ages to the present day.

The German Fire Museum shows the history of the fire, fire fighting and fire protection not only as a field of technology history, but also as a cultural and social history. In the hall there are exhibits and like the history of the fire with special reference to fire fighting and fire protection from the time of mainly 16th to 19 Century.

FULDA

FULDA

Deutsche Feuerwehren - Dampfsprize 1908

The German Fire Brigade Museum in Fulda was founded in 1963 and in 1988 an extra part was opened, the 1,600 m² exhibition area is presenting the history of the fire brigade from the Middle Ages to the present day.

The German Fire Museum shows the history of the fire, fire fighting and fire protection not only as a field of technology history, but also as a cultural and social history. In the hall there are exhibits and like the history of the fire with special reference to fire fighting and fire protection from the time of mainly 16th to 19 Century.

FULDA

FULDA

Deutsche Feuerwehrmuseum

Established in 1988 in Fulda, an attractive centre in the State of Hesse, in the reunited Federal Republic of Germany, the contemporary building contains two spacious display halls, which are connected by an administrative wing. In an exhibition space of approximately 1,600 square metres, the exhibits are surrounded by historical backdrops, whereby the particular items from simple leather buckets to complex fire appliances of more recent times are vividly presented in their contemporary context

  The German Fire Fighting Museum presents the history of Fire-fighting and Fire Prevention, not only as special branch of history and technology, but also as a subject of cultural and social history.

FULDA

FULDA

Deutsche Feuerwehrmuseum # 2

Established in 1988 in Fulda, an attractive centre in the State of Hesse, in the reunited Federal Republic of Germany, the contemporary building contains two spacious display halls, which are connected by an administrative wing. In an exhibition space of approximately 1,600 square metres, the exhibits are surrounded by historical backdrops, whereby the particular items from simple leather buckets to complex fire appliances of more recent times are vividly presented in their contemporary context

  The German Fire Fighting Museum presents the history of Fire-fighting and Fire Prevention, not only as special branch of history and technology, but also as a subject of cultural and social history.

FULDA

BERLIN

Deutscher Reichstag

The Reichstag building is a historical edifice in Berlin, Germany, constructed to house the Reichstag, parliament of the German Empire. It was opened in 1894 and housed the Reichstag until 1933, when it was severely damaged in a fire supposedly set by Dutch communist Marinus van der Lubbe. During the Nazi era, the few meetings of members of the Reichstag as a group were held in the Kroll Opera House. After the Second World War the Reichstag building fell into disuse as the parliament of the German Democratic Republic met in the Palace of the Republic in East Berlin and the parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany met in the Bundeshaus in Bonn.

The building was made safe against the elements and partially refurbished in the 1960s, but no attempt at full restoration was made until after the reunification of Germany on October 3, 1990, when it underwent reconstruction led by internationally renowned architect Norman Foster. After its completion in 1999, it became the meeting place of the modern German parliament, the Bundestag.

The Reichstag as a parliament dates back to the Holy Roman Empire and ceased to act as a true parliament in the years of the Nazi regime (1933–1945). In today's usage, the German term Reichstag or Reichstagsgebäude (Reichstag building) refers to the building, while the term Bundestag refers to the institution.

BERLIN

KOBLENZ

Deutsches Eck

The city of Koblenz at the confluence of the Mosel and the Rhine, from which it derives its' name ("Confluentes"» Koblenz).

The point where the two rivers meet is known as "Deutsches Eck" ("German Corner"). The site is dominated by a giant 14 meters high equestrian sculptural monument of Kaiser Wilhelm I, who ruled in Koblenz as the Prussian Military governor from 1850-1857, and is a local hero.

Erected in 1897, the size of the monument is overwhelming. It was partially destroyed during the bombing in April 1944, but finally reconstructed in 1993. There are stairs leading up to the top of the monument, where you have a great view of the confluence of the 2 rivers.

The flags that surround the tip of land represent the 16 different German states known as Laender, and at the outer tip you wil find the European Community flag as well as the German and American flags, a symbol of peace between the countries today.

KOBLENZ

WAREN

Die Müritz

The  Müritz is a lake in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, northern Germany. Its area is 117 km², which makes it the second largest lake of Germany (after Lake Constance). Its maximum depth is 31 metres. It is fed and drained by the river Elde. Part of the Müritz and adjacent forests and wetlands are protected by the Müritz National Park. The Müritz district was named after the lake. The biggest cities bordering the lake are Waren (Müritz) and Röbel, both major centers of tourism in the Mecklenburg Lake District.

WAREN

ROSENHEIM EXHIBITION CENTER

Dinosaurs - Giants of Argentina

They are creatures of superlatives: the longest one measured nearly 40 meters, the oldest one lived 235 million years ago.

The Lokschuppen exhibition center in Rosenheim presents world-wide for the first time spectacular finds in its new exhibition "Dinosaurs - Giants of Argentina" and takes the visitors on a time travel into geologic history. Suitably in the year of the 200th birthday of Charles Darwin, the creator of the theory of evolution.

Singular finds from the scientific collections of 7 Argentinian museums permit an almost complete representation of the history of the dinosaurs, with nearly complete fossils and lifelike reconstructions of what these impressive creatures and their habitat must have looked like millions of years ago.

ROSENHEIM EXHIBITION CENTER

HANN. MÜNDEN

Dokter Johann Andreas Eisenbart

Johann Andreas Eisenbarth (March 27, 1663 in Oberviechtach – November 11, 1727 in Hann. Münden) was a German physician

Eisenbarth was baptized as a catholic on the 27th of March in Oberviechtach. His father, Mathias Eisenbarth was an oculist. Being born as the son of an oculist, Eisenbarth soon followed his father in his footsteps and became an oculist himself. He went to school in Bamberg and was a student of the oculist Alexander Biller.
Eisenbarth was a travelling doctor, after his final exams in 1685 he started his journey. He travelled from country to country and became famous due to his 'miracles'.
In 1689 Eisenbarth became a citizen of Erfurt and not much later he gave himself the name of: 'citydoctor of Erfurt.
After some years, in 1703 more specifically, Eisenbarth travelled to Magdeburg and became a citizen there. In Magdeburg Eisenbarth bouth his house which is named: 'Zum Gülden Apfel'.


HANN. MÜNDEN

ERFURT

Dom und Severikirche

Erfurt’s landmark is the unique ensemble created by the combined effect of the Mariendom (Cathedral of The Blessed Virgin Mary) together with the Severikirche (St. Severus Church). These two magnificent examples of German Gothic architecture at its best majestically dominate the cityscape. The "Gloriosa" (1497), the "Queen of Bells", has been praised for centuries throughout Europe for its magnificent resonance.

Inside the cathedral there is an elaborate Gothic chancel with a series of 13 coloured stained-glass windows which are almost 13 meters high and are among the greatest works of medieval stained-glass art. The cathedral contains many noteworthy art treasures that have been created throughout the various centuries. A wide and impressive open-air stairway leads up from the market square to the cathedral itself and to the Church of St. Severus (1278 - 1400), which contains the sarcophagus of St. Severus (1363).

ERFURT

LIMBURG

Dom zu Limburg an der Lahn

The Catholic Cathedral of Limburg, also known as Georgsdom or Limburger Dom in German after its dedication to Saint George, is located above the old town of Limburg in Hesse, Germany. Its high location on a rock above the Lahn provides its visibility from far away. The building is one of the most accomplished buildings of the late Romanesque style.

The first church on the "Limburger Rock" was built in 910 by Konrad Kurzbold. Inside today's cathedral, the outline of the former church still can be found.

The date of placing the foundation stone is unknown. However, investigations of the wood used inside the Dom give information about the period in which it was built. According to estimates, construction began about 1200, maybe as early as 1190. The consecration was in 1235 by Theoderich von Wied, the archbishop of Trier.

The former monastery church of St. Georg was upraised in 1827 to be the Cathedral of the new diocese of Limburg. The first bishop of Limburg was Jakob Brand (1827 to 1833). The diocese has currently about 700,000 Catholics and is one of the younger dioceses. On Friday, February 2, 2007, Pope Benedict XVI accepted the age-related resignation of former Bishop Franz Kamphaus. Franz-Peter Tebartz-van Elst was named new bishop on November 28, 2007, and took office on January 20, 2008.

LIMBURG

DÖMITZ

DÖMITZ - 60 jahre Museum Dömitz

The fortress Doemitz, located on the banks of Mecklenburg Elbe is one of the few well-preserved 16th-country fortification Century in northern Germany. In the shape of a pentagon created and provided with bastions and casemates it shows the impressive military architecture of the Renaissance. Since 1953, the walls of the fortress to house a museum Doemitz city and the region.
Due to the peculiarity of the structure and due to the extremely good condition of the fortress was made ​​in 1975 under monument protection.The museum fortress Doemitz is primarily a city history museum with a varied and interesting exhibition on the history of development of the city of 17 Century to the present. An exhibition on the importance of navigation on the river and the docks for the city Doemitz, as well as an extensive ethnographic department of the area "Griese area" also emphasize the regional historical character of the museum

  • Location information
  • http://www.festung-doemitz.de/

DÖMITZ

REINHARDSWALD

Dornröschenschloss Sababurg

Sababurg fairytale castle of Brothers Grimm's Sleeping Beauty was founded in 1334 by the Archbishop of Mainz under the name of Zappenborgk to protect the pilgrims on their way to the nearby holy site of Gottsbüren. There, in the heart of Reinhardswald Forest, the Landgraves of Hesse erected a splendid hunting seat on the foundation walls of the original structure in 1490.
In the early 19th century, the castle was abandoned as a residence. The building complex rapidly fell into disrepair, converting to a wild romantic state. Already in the 19th century after the publication of the Brothers Grimm's Fairy Tales, people imagined this to be the place where the Sleeping Beauty tale must have happened:
The ‘sleeping' castle, entwined with ivy and deeply hidden in the Reinhardswald Forest, surrounded by a high wall that wassaid to have been the impenetrable thorn hedge...
Around 100 years later, the long sleep was over and the castle was kissed awake and restored for visitors.

REINHARDSWALD

KÖNIGSWINTER

Drachenfelsbahn

The Drachenfels (“Dragon's Rock”) is a mountain (321 m) in the Siebengebirge mountain range near Bonn. One German legend recounts, that Siegfried – the hero of the Nibelungenlied – killed a dragon (German: Drachen) living in a cave in the mountain. After taking a bath in its blood, he became invulnerable.

The Drachenfels Railway or Drachenfelsbahn runs from Königswinter to the summit of the Drachenfels mountain at an altitude of 289 m.The rack railway is 1.5 km long and manages an elevation gain of 220 m at a maximum gradient of 22%.

The line opened with steam traction, on July 13, 1883 and was converted to electric traction in 1953. With a fresh outfit and a modernized station, the “Bergbahnen im Siebengebirge AG” have been given a new look, and one of the four remaining German cog railways will continue to be in service in the Rhineland.

KÖNIGSWINTER

RÜDESHEIM

Drosselgasse

Rüdesheim is situated in the midst of the German wine producing region. Riesling grapes are the main type grown in this area, producing mainly high-quality white wines. One can sample the local wines, including the Rüdesheimer Riesling, in the many wine houses in Rüdesheim.

The Drosselgasse is the epicentre of Rudesheim's old town, full of beautifully decorated restaurants. Live band entertainment brass instrument and dance music play all day and all night during the summer in the many wine houses and open-air garden taverns along the 144 meter long narrow cobblestone pedestrian street. Built in the 15th Century, the Drosselgasse was for boat owners to move items from the river to homes in the town.

The Drosselgasse is Rüdesheim's most famous attraction and is almost always crowded with tourists.

RÜDESHEIM

KLEWITTZ

DTM - Am Lausitzring


DTM – the magical three letters stood for “Deutsche Tourenwagen-Meisterschaft” (German Touring Car Championship) in former times. Today they are the trademark of Europe‘s most popular touring car race series, which began in 1984 with production based cars and peaked in 1996 with a worldwide series for high-tech touring cars.

After a three year break, the DTM celebrated a successful comeback in the year 2000 with a ground breaking concept. Today it is considered as the “Top Class” of touring cars and is one of Europe’s largest sporting events.

The  EuroSpeedway (Lausitzring) is one of the DTM circuits and  is located in Brandenburg’s Lower Lausitz region. (Slavonic: soggy meadow)


KLEWITTZ

KÖLN

Eau de Cologne

Eau de Cologne or simply Cologne (German: Kölnisch Wasser, “Water of Cologne”) is a toiletry, a perfume in a style that originated from Cologne, Germany. The original Eau de Cologne is a spirit-citrus perfume launched in Cologne in 1709 by Giovanni Maria Farina (1685–1766), an Italian perfume maker from Santa Maria Maggiore Valle Vigezzo, Italy. In 1708, Farina wrote to his brother Jean Baptiste: "I have found a fragrance that reminds me of an Italian spring morning, of mountain daffodils and orange blossoms after the rain". He named his fragrance Eau de Cologne, in honour of his new hometown.

The Original Eau de Cologne composed by Farina was used only as a perfume and delivered to "nearly all royal houses in Europe".  His ability to produce a constantly homogenous fragrance consisting of dozens of monoessences was seen as a sensation at the time.

At the time, a single vial of this aqua mirabilis (Latin: miracle water) cost half the annual salary of a civil servant.  When free trade was established in Cologne by the French in 1797, the success of Eau de Cologne prompted countless other businessmen to sell their own fragrances under the name of Eau de Cologne.

KÖLN

KÖLN

Eau de Cologne

It is told that in 1792 a Carthusian monk presented the young Muelhens couple with a valuable wedding gift. It was a secret formula for the production of an "aqua mirabilis", later called Eau de Cologne. Wilhelm Muelhens soon realised the value of this formula and founded a company for the production of Eau de Cologne at Glockengasse, where the original building can still be found today.

Number 4711 was the house number that was given to the factory at Glockengasse during French occupation of the Rhineland in the early 19th century. The picture of the French military officer, painting the house number 4711 on the facade while sitting on his horse, is a product of advertising. A piece of tapestry which had been ordered and made in the 1920s, served as a model. The scenic version of it spread widely in the 1950s and the 1960s.

KÖLN

BERLIN

Fernsehturm

The Fernsehturm is a television tower in the city centre of Berlin. This well-known landmark, close to Alexanderplatz, was constructed between 1965 and 1969 by the former German Democratic Republic. The GDR administration intended it as a symbol of Berlin, which it remains today, as it is easily visible throughout the central and some suburban districts of Berlin.

The height of the tower rose to 368 m after the installation of a new antenna in the 1990s. The Fernsehturm is the fourth tallest freestanding structure in Europe. There is a visitor platform and a rotating restaurant in the middle of the sphere, at a height of about 204 m above the ground where visibility can reach 42 km on a clear day.

When the sun shines on the Fernsehturm's tiled stainless steel dome, the reflection usually appears in the form of a cross. This effect was neither predicted nor desired by the planners. As a jibe against the atheist foundations of the Communist government, and the ongoing suppression of church institutions in East Germany, Berliners immediately named the luminous cross Rache des Papstes, or "Pope's Revenge".

BERLIN

KOBLENZ

Festung Ehrenbreitstein

Festung Ehrenbreitstein is a fortress on the same-named mountain on the right side of the Rhine opposite to the town of Koblenz in the Rhineland-Palatinate.

Ehrenbreitstein is one of the largest and most impressive of the 19th century fortresses. Although there is nothing left of the original medieval castle with the earliest pentagonal keep on the Rhine, the ground and during the centuries was added to and extended, growing slowly into a massive fortress complex. Time and again, when danger threatened, the fortress served as a sanctuary for troubled rulers or for the holy relics of Treves, including the Holy Coat.

The fortress today is home to the administration offices of the body that looks after the castles and antiquities of the Rhineland Palatinate, as well as the regional museum of Coblence with its collection on the history of technology, a youth hostel, restaurants, and local authority offices.

KOBLENZ

POTSDAM

Filmpark Babelsberg # 1

The Studio Babelsberg, located in Potsdam-Babelsberg, Germany, is the oldest large-scale film studio in the world. Founded in 1912, it covers an area of about 270,000 square feet (25,000 m2). Hundreds of films, including Fritz Lang's Metropolis and Josef von Sternberg's The Blue Angel were filmed there. In 2012 Studio Babelsberg will celebrate its 100th anniversary.

Today, Studio Babelsberg remains operational mainly for feature film productions. Furthermore, it acts as co-producer on international high budget productions.

POTSDAM

POTSDAM

Filmpark Babelsberg # 2

The Studio Babelsberg, located in Potsdam-Babelsberg, Germany, is the oldest large-scale film studio in the world. Founded in 1912, it covers an area of about 270,000 square feet (25,000 m2). Hundreds of films, including Fritz Lang's Metropolis and Josef von Sternberg's The Blue Angel were filmed there. In 2012 Studio Babelsberg will celebrate its 100th anniversary.

Today, Studio Babelsberg remains operational mainly for feature film productions. Furthermore, it acts as co-producer on international high budget productions.

POTSDAM

POTSDAM

Filmpark Babelsberg # 3

The Studio Babelsberg, located in Potsdam-Babelsberg, Germany, is the oldest large-scale film studio in the world. Founded in 1912, it covers an area of about 270,000 square feet (25,000 m2). Hundreds of films, including Fritz Lang's Metropolisand Josef von Sternberg's The Blue Angelwere filmed there. In 2012 Studio Babelsberg will celebrate its 100th anniversary.

Today, Studio Babelsberg remains operational mainly for feature film productions. Furthermore, it acts as co-producer on international high budget productions.

POTSDAM

FREUDENSTADT

Freudenstadt

Freudenstadt, situated on a high plateau at the edge of the Black Forest, was founded in 1599 and built in the late Renaissance style by Heinrich Schickhardt. Schickhardt, also referred to as "Swabia's Leonardo da Vinci" was the architectural planner employed by Duke Friedrich I, whose intention was to build a palace in the center of Freudenstadt.

However, the sudden death of the Duke caused these plans to be abandoned. This is why Freudenstadt can ever since boast Germany's largest market square, entirely surrounded by arcaded houses.

The Gothic/Renaissance Evangelical Lutheran Church, with its green tower roofs dates back to the beginning of the 17th century and is considered Freudenstadt's most significant building.

FREUDENSTADT

GÖTTINGEN

Gänseliesel Göttingen

The Gänseliesel  is a fountain which was erected in 1901 in front of the mediaeval town hall of Göttingen. Although rather small in size, the fountain is the most well-known landmark of the city. Today, it is an essential part of the graduation celebrations for every student who finishes a doctorate at the George August University Göttingen to climb the fountain and to kiss the statue of the goose girl.

Since the 18th century, a fountain was located on the site of the Gänseliesel. However, the old fountain was partially pulled down in the early 19th century due to deterioration. In 1898, the city council decided to construct a new fountain, for which sculptors from all over Germany presented their proposals. From all designs, the neo-gothical proposal "Im Geiste der Alten/Tugendbrunnen" ("In the Spirit of the Ancients/Fountain of Virtue") by the sculptors Mehs and Jehs was favoured while the goose girl design by the architect Heinrich Stöckhardt was only ranked second place. However, after the official ranking the three best designs were put on exhibition. The citizens of Göttingen widely preferred the simpler design of the goose girl, probably because the simple girl image best represents the common people - in contrast to the numerous statues of famous university scientists found in the city. After long discussion, the Gänseliesel, then designed by the architect Heinrich Stöckhardt and created by the sculptor Paul Nisse, was finally put up in 1901 without any official ceremony. The Gänseliesel fountain does not have any particular connection to the history of the town.

GÖTTINGEN

MAYEN

Genovevaburg

The 700-year-old Genoveva castle sits dominantly above the city centre of Mayen, the largest city in the Eifel.

The castle has known a very turbulent history. It was as good as completely burned down during the occupation of the French troops in 1689, after which it was reconstructed in baroque style around 1700. After being hit by bombs during the airstrikeS of 12 December 1944 and 2 January 1945, the castle was again reconstructed. Renovation persisted until 1984.

Since 1989 the castle houses the popular Eifel museum. The Eifel region has since long been a centre for mining and processing of volcanic rock, and a slate mine lies right beneath the Genoveva castle. The history of slate mining in the Eifel region, from its very beginning around 2000 years ago through to the present day, is clearly illustrated in the underground tunnels of the mine. The system of tunnels was constructed by miners during the Second World War to provide an air raid shelter for the local people.

MAYEN

GERMANY

GERMANY - Alexander der Grosse

Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégasiii[›] from the Greek ἀλέξω alexo "to defend, help" + ἀνήρ aner "man"), was a king of Macedon, a state in northern ancient Greece. Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. By the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from the Ionian Sea to the Himalayas.[1] He was undefeated in battle and is considered one of history's most successful commanders.[2] Alexander succeeded his father, Philip II of Macedon, to the throne in 336 BC after Philip was assassinated. Upon Philip's death, Alexander inherited a strong kingdom and an experienced army. He was awarded the generalship of Greece and used this authority to launch his father's military expansion plans

  • Location information
  • http://wso.williams.edu/~junterek/
GERMANY

GERMANY

GERMANY - Benedictus PP XVI

Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: Benedictus PP. XVI, born Joseph Alois Ratzinger on 16 April 1927) is the 265th and reigning Pope, by virtue of his office of Bishop of Rome, the head of the Roman Catholic Church and, as such, Sovereign of the Vatican City State.

He was elected on 19 April 2005 in a papal conclave, celebrated his Papal Inauguration Mass on 24 April 2005, and took possession of his cathedral, the Basilica of St. John Lateran, on 7 May 2005. Pope Benedict XVI has both German and Vatican citizenship. He succeeded Pope John Paul II.

GERMANY

GOSLAR

GOSLAR - Altstadt Goslar

Goslar has a rich history stretching from the Neolithic via the ancient Saxon times, the Holy Roman German empire, Reformation, Enlightenment, German Nationalism, Emancipation, Militarism, German Imperialism, Democratisation, the National Socialist Dictatorship including Racism & Genocide, the Iron Curtain, up to German reunification. In addition Goslar can field an exciting industrial history.

 

Salian Emperor Henry I founded the town in the 10th century after the discovery of silver deposits in the nearby Rammelsberg. The wealth derived from silver mining brought Goslar the status of an Imperial City, which attracted the interest of the Holy Roman Emperor.

 

The Mediæval Imperial Palace of Goslar (Kaiserpfalz) was built in the 11th century and became a summer residence for the emperors, especially Henry III of Germany who visited his favourite palace about twenty times. Henry is buried in Goslar.

 

In the winter of 1798, the coldest of the century, the young English poet William Wordsworth stayed in Goslar. To dispel homesickness he started to write a few verses about his childhood, which would eventually evolve into the masterpiece that was published in thirteen volumes after his death as The Prelude.

 

Goslar's Mediæval cathedral was built at the same time as the Mediæval Imperial Palace, but only the porch survived; the dome itself was torn down in 1820. Other sights are the town hall (16th century) and the ancient mines of the Rammelsberg, which houses now a mining museum.

GOSLAR

GÖTTINGEN

GÖTTINGEN - Altes Rathaus

The Old City Hall in Göttingen is the most beautiful building on the market square of Gottingen. Until the construction of the New Town Hall, this place was the central building of the city.

The Old Town Hall is now used for different purposes. The former council chamber that is accessible by a staircase on the south side of the building, is a location for events such as concerts, ceremonies and receptions of the city. The first floor has an exhibition area, which is operated by the Cultural Office of the City.

In the basement of City Hall is the Rathskeller, a restaurant with a focus on simple, home-made cuisine.

GÖTTINGEN

GREETSIEL

Greetsieler Zwillingsmühlen

Even from afar you can see,, the two mills. The eastern mill was built in 1921, the Western was already built  in 1856. Both mills had predecessors who were either destroyed by storms or fires.
Nowadays the mill is a shop that sells grain items and brea. in the western mill there is a tea room.

GREETSIEL

LÜBBENAU

Grossen Spreewald Hafen

The ‘Grossen Spreewaldhafen’ is a great relaxing place for people with restaurants, shops etc...

It also offers guests of the Spreewaldhafen the widest range of daily boat trips .

LÜBBENAU

NEUSTADT AN DER WEINSTRAßE

Hambacher Schloss

Hambach Castle is located on the mountain Schlossberg (Castle mountain) in Neustadt an der Weinstraße (Rhineland-Palatinate). There is little known about its early history; the big estate was said to be one of the most important facilities of the Bishopric of Speyer in the late Middle Ages.

Hambach Castle is considered to be the symbol of the German democracy movement because of the Hambacher Fest which occurred here in 1832.
This was a German national democratic meeting where 30,000 participants from all ranks of society stood up for liberty, civil rights and national unity. The event had no immediate results, but is nevertheless considered to be a milestone in German history.

Today the national memorial is a museum and convention centre in which events of the federal state Rhineland-Palatinate, the District Bad Dürkheim and the city Neustadt an der Weinstraße take place all year round.

NEUSTADT AN DER WEINSTRAßE

BERLIN

Hauptbahnhof Berlin

Lehrter Bahnhof (Lehrte Station) opened in 1871 as the terminus of the railway linking Berlin with Lehrte, near Hanover, which later became Germany's most important east-west main line. In 1882, with the completion of the Stadtbahn (City Railway, Berlin's four-track central elevated railway line, which carries both local and main line services), just north of the station, a smaller interchange station called Lehrter Stadtbahnhof was opened to provide connections with the new line. This station later became part of the Berlin S-Bahn. In 1884, after the closure of nearby Hamburger Bahnhof (Hamburg Station), Lehrter Bahnhof became the terminus for trains to and from Hamburg.

Following heavy damage during World War II, limited services to the main station were resumed, but then suspended in 1951. In 1957, with the railways to West Berlin under the control of East Germany, Lehrter Bahnhof was demolished, but Lehrter Stadtbahnhof continued as a stop on the S-Bahn. In 1987, it was extensively renovated to commemorate Berlin's 750th anniversary.

After German reunification it was decided to improve Berlin's railway network by constructing a new north-south main line, to supplement the east-west Stadtbahn. Lehrter Stadtbahnhof was considered to be the logical location for a new central station.

BERLIN

OBERSTDORF

Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze

Oberstdorf is the leading wintersports resort located in the Allgäu region of the Bavarian Alps. This is where the World Nordic Championships were held in 1987. The summits of the Nebelhorn and Fellhorn provide dramatic panoramic views of the alps.

Visitors can ride a unique diagonal elevator to the top of the Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze.

Ski jump fact sheet:
- Foundation: 500 m² of concrete
- Anchoring: 40 Steel anchors of 14m deep

- Length: 144m
- Height: 72m
- Inclination: 39°
- Overhang: 57m

- Jump off speed: approximately 106 km/h
- Jump length: approximately 260m
- Difference in height: approximately 132m

OBERSTDORF

HOHEN NEUENDORF

Himmelspagode

The “Himmelspagode” is a Chinese restaurant in Hohen Neuendorf, Berlin. It was built in the style of a round Chinese pagoda. The building is a project of the Chinese developer Wengui Ye and architect Christian Roebuck who is living in Hohen Neuendorf.

  • Location information
  • www.himmelspagode.de

HOHEN NEUENDORF

HOCKENHEIM

Hockenheimring

The Hockenheimring is an automobile racing track situated near the town of Hockenheim in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Amongst other motor racing events, it holds the annual Formula One German Grand Prix.

In July 2006, Bernie Ecclestone announced that from 2007 onwards, there would be only one Grand Prix per year in Germany. Since 1995, there had been two Grands Prix every year in Germany; the German Grand Prix at Hockenheim, plus either the European Grand Prix or the Luxembourg Grand Prix at the Nürburgring. From 2007 onwards, the Nürburgring and Hockenheimring will alternately host the German Grand Prix,

The new Hockenheim Grand Prix circuit, built in 2002, has a length of 4,574 m and a width of minimum 15m. The track combines 17 bends and 6 straights. Situated in the Rhine valley, the circuit is almost completely flat, with very little change in elevation. The current lap record is 1:13.780 ( Kimi Räikkönen, McLaren, 2004).

The Hockenheim complex also features a quarter mile track for drag racing. It hosts one of the largest drag racing events in Europe known as the NitroOlympx.

HOCKENHEIM

HOCKENHEIM

Hockenheimring

The Hockenheimring is an automobile racing track situated near the town of Hockenheim in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Amongst other motor racing events, it holds the annual Formula One German Grand Prix.

In July 2006, Bernie Ecclestone announced that from 2007 onwards, there would be only one Grand Prix per year in Germany. Since 1995, there had been two Grands Prix every year in Germany; the German Grand Prix at Hockenheim, plus either the European Grand Prix or the Luxembourg Grand Prix at the Nürburgring. From 2007 onwards, the Nürburgring and Hockenheimring will alternately host the German Grand Prix,

The new Hockenheim Grand Prix circuit, built in 2002, has a length of 4,574 m and a width of minimum 15m. The track combines 17 bends and 6 straights. Situated in the Rhine valley, the circuit is almost completely flat, with very little change in elevation. The current lap record is 1:13.780 ( Kimi Räikkönen, McLaren, 2004).

The Hockenheim complex also features a quarter mile track for drag racing. It hosts one of the largest drag racing events in Europe known as the NitroOlympx.

HOCKENHEIM

KÖLN

Hohe Domkirche St. Peter und Maria

The Cologne Cathedral is one of the best-known architectural monuments in Germany and is Cologne's most famous landmark. Construction of the gothic church began in 1248 and took more than 600 years to complete - it was finally finished in 1880. At its completion, the Cologne cathedral was the world's tallest building, and it still features the largest church facade in the world.

The two towers are 157m tall, the cathedral is 144m long and 86m wide. The cathedral is dedicated to Saints Peter and Mary.
It is possible to climb a spiral staircase to a viewing platform about 98 metres above the ground. This climb covers over 500 steps.

In 1996, the cathedral was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List of culturally important sites. In 2005 Pope Benedict XVI visited the cathedral as part of his apostolic visit to Germany as part of World Youth Day 2005 festivities.

KÖLN

HOHENSCHWANGAU

HOHENSCHWANGAU - Schloss Hohenschwangau

Hohenschwangau Castle was built on the remains of the fortress Schuangau, which was first mentioned in historical records dating from the 12th Century. A family of knights was responsible for the construction of the medieval fortress, and it served as the seat of the local government of Schwangau. In 1523, the schloss was described as having walls which were too thin to be useful for defensive purposes. After the demise of the knights in the 16th Century, the fortress changed hands several times. The decay of the fortress continued until it finally fell into ruins at the beginning of the 19th Century. I
n April 1829, Crown Prince Maximilian (the later King
Maximilian II of Bavaria) discovered the historic site during a walking tour and reacted enthusiastically to the beauty of the surrounding area. He acquired the ruins - then still known as Schwanstein - in 1832. In February 1833, the reconstruction of the Castle began, continuing until 1837, with additions up to 1855.

Hohenschwangau was the official summer and hunting residence of Maximilian, his wife Marie of Prussia, and their two sons Ludwig (the later King Ludwig II of Bavaria) and Otto (the later King Otto I of Bavaria).

HOHENSCHWANGAU

FÜSSEN

Hohes Schloss

The town of Füssen is charmingly located on the edge of the Bavarian Alps, framed in by imposing high mountain peaks and an idyllic lake district.

The Hohes Schloss (High Castle) is Füssen’s landmark, towering over a maze of narrow lanes. This is the former summer residence of the prince bishops of Augsburg and one of Swabia’s largest and best preserved late gothic castle complexes.

The living quarters today house a branch gallery of the Bavarian State Collections of Paintings. The facades in the castle courtyard are adorned with illusionist paintings that delude the viewer into seeing oriels, window frames and molded corners.

FÜSSEN

LANGEOOG

Inselbahn Langeoog

Cars are not allowed to drive on Langeoog. People on the Island use bikes. The port and the village are linked with a small railway, the so called "Inselbahn" (Island's Rail). The Railway is about 2.4 kilometers long. The harbour of Langeoog is quite big. It was built in World War II by the German Navy. Today the harbour is used by ferries, that connect Langoog with the harbour of Bensersiel on the coast. The Langeoog harbour is also used by sailors, some fishermen and the German Society for Rescuing Ship-Wreckers. There is also a little airfield on Langeoog.

 

LANGEOOG

JUIST

Juist - Seezeichen

Juist is one of the seven inhabited East Frisian Islands in Germany.

Juist rules of the road: no entry except for bicycles and horse-drawn carriages proceeding at walking pace.

Only the fire department, the German Red Cross and doctors have motor vehicles - the police have only 'office bikes'.

The beach and the dunes are eroded by the sea in the western part of Juist. The edge of the dunes moves about five meters to the south each winter. Things like this happen on every East Frisian island - some islands moved so far that the town had to be rebuilt several times. Every island except Juist and Langeoog have big concrete groyne at their western end.

JUIST

JUIST

Juist im Nationalpark

Juist is one of the seven inhabited East Frisian Islands in Germany.

Juist rules of the road: no entry except for bicycles and horse-drawn carriages proceeding at walking pace.

Only the fire department, the German Red Cross and doctors have motor vehicles - the police have only 'office bikes'.

The beach and the dunes are eroded by the sea in the western part of Juist. The edge of the dunes moves about five meters to the south each winter. Things like this happen on every East Frisian island - some islands moved so far that the town had to be rebuilt several times. Every island except Juist and Langeoog have big concrete groyne at their western end.

 JUIST

BERCHTESGADEN

Kehlsteinhaus (Eagle's Nest)

The Kehlsteinhaus, also known as the Eagle's Nest, was an extension of the Obersalzberg complex built by the Nazis in the German Alps near Berchtesgaden.

It is situated on a ridge at the top of the Kehlstein mountain (1834 m), reached by a spectacular 6.5 km road that cost 30 million Reichsmark to build. The last 124 metres up to the Kehlsteinhaus are reached by an elevator bored straight down through the mountain and linked through a long granite tunnel below.

The Kehlsteinhaus was an official 50th birthday present for Adolf Hitler. Nicknamed Eagle's Nest by a French diplomat, it was meant to be a retreat for Hitler and a place for him to entertain visiting dignitaries.It has been suggested he only visited the Kehlsteinhaus around 10 times, and most times for no more than 30 minutes. Perhaps because of this lack of close association with Hitler, the property was saved from demolition at the end of the war.

Today the building is owned by a charitable trust, and serves as a restaurant. It is a popular tourist attraction, particularly for British,Canadians and Americans attracted by the historical significance of the "Eagle's Nest".

BERCHTESGADEN

BARSINGHAUSEN

Klosterstollen Barsinghausen

Greets visitors at the entrance to the mine room on the bill will place before the tunnel entrance hole. After a short tour of the mine room starts the lecture by the former leader in the visitors locker room. Here were formerly as now, the clothes of the miners and the visitor is still chewing on hooks from the ceiling, now honorary working miners, an exhibition of mining Gezehe, costumes, and traditions Geleucht objects have compiled. Based on this exhibition, the visitor is tuned to the upcoming trip underground.

After the safety briefing, the protective overalls are tightened, the helmet is put on and the front of the exit tunnel, is slung from the lamp room lamp, the original battery. Meanwhile, the engine driver with the passenger train for the ride over 1.3 miles into the mountain has provided. Are all entered and closed the security bars, the ride begins in the monastery gallery.


BARSINGHAUSEN

KÖLN

Köln Triangle Panorama

This innovative high-rise office block was completed in 2005 and is already regarded as a prominent city landmark on the right bank of the Rhine. The building is over 100 metres high and is located opposite to the Cologne Cathedral, directly on the river bank at Cologne Deutz and in the immediate vicinity of the Koelnmesse exhibition centre. This successful symbiosis of intelligent architecture, easily accessible location, high-tech fittings, state-of-the-art building technology and intelligent services makes the KölnTriangle so unique – see for yourself.

In Cologne people are already talking about the most attractive view of the cathedral. The public panorama platform on the roof of the KölnTriangle offers a breathtaking view of the cathedral city, the Rhine, bridges and the surrounding area.
KÖLN

KÖLN

Kölner Senfmuseum

The history of these Mustard Mills go back to the 18th century. They seem to be the oldest Mustard Mills in Europe. The location of the Mustard Mill in origin is not known. In 1931 the mills were, for the first time, restored in Belgium and they became operative. Afterwards they were sold to Holland, where their operations stopped in 1993. As by chance Mustard Miller Wolfgang Steffens got in possession of these  technical Monuments. They were in very poor conditions and with lots of work and effort, the mills were finally successfully restored.

Nowadays both mills produce fine grinded Mustard, going out from the original secret recipes.

Now, a museum is dedicated to this Cologne specialty!

 

KÖLN

BERCHTESGADEN

Königssee

The Königssee is a lake located in the extreme southeast of the German State of Bavaria, near the German-Austrian Border, and is the deepest lake in Germany.

The lake was formed by glaciers during the last ice age. It is 7.7 kilometers long and about 1.7 kilometers across at its widest point. Except at its outlet, the Königsseer Ache at the village of Königssee, the lake is surrounded by steeply rising flanks of alpine mountains (2.000 m), including the famous Watzmann.

The lake is noted for its clear water and is advertised as the cleanest lake in Germany. For this reason, only electric driven boats, rowboats and pedal boats have been permitted on the lake since 1909. The lake and surrounding parklands are very popular with tourists and hikers.

St. Bartholomä, a famous pilgrimage church, is located about halfway down the western lakeshore.

BERCHTESGADEN

KÖNIGSTEIN

KÖNIGSTEIN - Festung Königstein

Königstein Fortress (German: Festung Königstein), the "Saxon Bastille", is a hilltop fortress near Dresden, in Saxon Switzerland, Germany, above the town of Königstein on the left bank of the River Elbe. It is one of the largest hilltop fortifications in Europe and sits atop the table hill of the same name. The 9.5 hectare rock plateau rises 240 metres above the Elbe and has over 50 buildings, some over 400 years old, that bear witness to the military and civilian life in the fortress. The rampart run of the fortress is 1,800 metres long with walls up to 42 metres high and steep sandstone faces. In the centre of the site is a 152.5 metre deep well, which is the deepest in Saxony and second deepest well in Europe. The fortress, which for centuries was used as a state prison, is still intact and is now one of Saxony's foremost tourist attractions, with 700,000 visitors per year

KÖNIGSTEIN

KONZ

Konzer Doktor

The 'Konzer Doktor' statue by sculptor Willi Hahn represents the characters from Konz' folk tales, such as the 'Fotschelgeist' or the 'Breesterfrauchen'. The main character in this sandstone sculpture, however, is the historical figure of the local teacher Georg Canaris (1740-1819), whose teaching methods apparently gave the students in Konz such a big lead on those of other villages, so that he earned the nicknames 'Konzer Doktor'.
KONZ

BAD FRANKENHAUSEN

Kyffhäuser

The Kyffhäuser is a mountain located at the border of Thuringia. The mountain has significance in German traditional myth as the resting place of Holy Roman Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa, a charismatic leader who died in 1190 while on a crusade.

Located in the middle of the Kyffhäuser Mountains, there are ruins still to be seen for visitors of the 11th century residence Kyffhausen, one of the largest and strongest medieval fortress constructions in Germany. Especially impressive however is the imposing Kyffhäuser Memorial (1890-1896) with its equestrian statue of Emperor Wilhelm the First an the statue of Barbarossa hewed out of stone.

According to legend, Barbarossa is not in fact dead, but sleeps in a hidden chamber underneath the Kyffhäuser mountain, sitting at a stone table. As in the similar legend of King Arthur, Barbarossa supposedly awaits his country's hour of greatest need, when he will emerge once again from under the mountain.

BAD FRANKENHAUSEN

LICHTERFELD

LICHTERFELD - Besucherbergwerk F60

The F60 was built by VEB TAKRAF Lauchhammer. It’s contruction started in 1989 and was finished in 1991. This bridge is the last of five bridges built. She was active from March 1991 untill June 1992. The steel structure is also known as "The Lying Eiffel Tower of the Lausitz”. The total length is 502 meters, so it overlooks the Eiffel Tower by 182 meter. With a width of 204 meters and a height of almost 80 meters its huge dimensions are underlined. 11.000 tons of steel is used to built the Besucherbergwerk F60.

LICHTERFELD

ST. GOAR

Loreley

The Loreley is a rock in the Rhine near St. Goarshausen, which soars some 120 meters above the water line. It marks the narrowest part of the river between Switzerland and the North Sea.

The name comes from the old German words "lureln" (Rhine dialect for "murmuring") and "ley" (rock). The translation of the name would therefore be: "murmur rock" or "murmuring rock". The heavy currents, and a small waterfall in the area (still visible in the early 19th century) created a murmuring sound, and this combined with the special echo the rock produces which acted as a sort of amplifier, then gave name to the rock itself.

The rock is associated with several legendary tales originating in German folklore. It appears in many forms, but is best known through a poem by Heinrich Heine that begins "Ich weiss nicht was soll es bedeuten" ("I don't know what to make of it"). In the most common form of the story, the Loreley is a maiden who threw herself into the Rhine in despair over a faithless lover, and became a nixe whose voice lured fishermen to destruction.

ST. GOAR

BONN

Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) was a German composer and pianist, acknowledged as one of the giants of classical music.

He was a crucial figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western classical music, and remains one of the most respected and influential composers of all time.

Born in Bonn, he moved to Vienna in his early twenties and settled there, studying with Joseph Haydn and quickly gaining a reputation as a virtuoso pianist.

Beethoven's hearing gradually deteriorated beginning in his twenties, yet he continued to compose, and to conduct and perform, even after he was completely deaf.

BONN

MANDERSCHEID

Manderscheider Burgen

Manderscheid, a charmingly situated village in the Lieser valley, is known for its two castles: Oberburg (the upper castle) and Niederburg (the lower castle).

The Manderscheid family was the most powerful family in the Eifel region of Germany for a considerable period of time in the 15th century, and until today the imposing ruins remind the visitor of the glory of bygone times when the counts of Manderscheid had their residence here.

Niederburg Castle was probably built in the 12th century, shortly after Oberburg Castle had been built. By 1688 at the latest, Niederburg Castle and Oberburg Castle were destroyed. After being in the possession of France and then of Prussia both castles became administered by the Castles Administration of Rhineland-Palatinate. Niederburg Castle was restored in the late 70's and Oberburg Castle in the early 90's.

Niederburg Castle consists of more remnants than Oberburg Castle. It can be seen from far away because of its three-storey keep of the 12th century, having a trapezium shape.

MANDERSCHEID

LABOE

Marine Ehrenmal in Laboe

Originally erected as a memorial for the German sailors killed in World War I, it has changed to an
internationally accepted peace monument after World War II. It is maintained by the Deutscher Marinebund, the German Naval Association. The German Naval Association was founded in 1891 during the heydays of the German Imperial Navy as a naval veterans organisation.

 It was fiercly patriotic and thus Germanys defeat in World War I was a strong blow for the German Naval Association.In 1926 Wilhelm Lammertz, a former petty officer in the German Navy and former chairman of the Marine‑Kameradschaft (Naval Club) Duisburg, came up with the idea to erect a memorial for the German sailors killed in the Great War.

His intention was to create a place of commemoration for those German sailors who had lost their life during the First World War and who's place of rest could not be decorated with tombstones and flowers. But it should not only be a place of mourning but also a token towards the future

LABOE

COCHEM

Marktplatz

Cochem is probably the finest looking castle and scene directly on the banks of the Mosel river. The castle enjoys a commanding view over the Mosel and the town of Cochem. However even with the commanding view and the steep access to the castle, history has not been kind to the original. It was seized by the German emperor in 1151 and in 1294 was mortgaged to the archbishop of Trier.

The square tower visible at the center of the castle is the keep that served as a last gasp refuge for its residents when the battle created a serious threat of breach by the enemy. This did in fact happen in 1689 when King Louis XIV of France had the castle totally destroyed. It remained a ruin for about 200 years.

It was completely rebuilt by a Berlin merchant, Louise Ravene, according to the original plans. So, while the structure may not be the original, the plans are true to the original. It was sold by force to the German government in 1942 and since 1978 has been the property of the town of Cochem.

COCHEM

EBERGÖTZEN

Max und Moritz

Max and Moritz (A Story of Seven Boyish Pranks) (original: Max und Moritz - Eine Bubengeschichte in sieben Streichen) is a German language illustrated story in verse. This highly inventive, blackly humorous tale, told entirely in rhymed couplets, was written and illustrated by Wilhelm Busch and published in 1865. It is among the early works of Busch, nevertheless it already features many substantial, effectually aesthetic and formal regularities, procedures and basic patterns of Busch's later works

EBERGÖTZEN

METTLACH

METTLACH - Burg Montclair

The steep cliffs that rise to the mountain ridge encircled on three sides by the Saar river have been a favourite site for fortresses since the 10th century.
Around that time, the Skiva castle, probably the seat of the Earl of Saargau was built. However, that castle was destroyed in 1017 by Poppo, the Archbishop of Trier.
In 1180, Arnulf of Walecourt was granted permission to erect another castle on this hill.
In 1218, control passed to the house of Joinville through marriage, then later to the masters of Clermont, who took the name Montclair.
The ruins of the third and last Montclair castle, that you see today, were first built in 1439. It was erected by Arnold of Sierk, a grandson of Johan of Montclair, who was granted the construction permit for a fortified building by his feudal lord Archbishop Raban.

The ruins of this last castle, built in the 15th century, passed over into the property of the administrative district of Merzig-Wadern in 1991. During the years 1992/93, the local government restored the ruins thoroughly and opened the complex to the public again. The castle cellar holds a museum that leads you through the history of Montclair and its two preceding fortresses. The castle guide, who is on site during opening hours, will provide you with various interesting information. In the castle yard, visitors can enjoy refreshments after the long walks and admire the wonderful scenery from the castle towers.

  • Location information
  • http://www.burgmontclair.de

METTLACH

BERLIN

Motorrad Museum

In the museum you will find more than 140 motorcycles, scooters and mopeds, the manufacturer DKW / IFA / MZ, Simson-Suhl, IWL and EMW. There is about 1000 square meters of exhibition space divided over 2 floors.

BERLIN

OSCHERSLEBEN

Motorsport Arena Oschersleben

The track measures a total length of 3.696 kilometres (A course) and 11 to 14 metres width. As an additional feature, it can be split into two sections of 2.435 kilometres (B course) and 1.155 kilometres (C course) length, making two seperate events at a time possible. The track differs in height by 23 metres. Material and drivers have to master 14 bends. The fastest section is located at the end of the starting/finishing straight.

The Motorsport Arena Oschersleben did not get its arena title by chance. The arena character, highly appreciated by all visitors, is unique amongst German race tracks. All spectator stands are located 6-8 metres above the track. This situation allows guests to be up close to the track and the motorsport experience. Especially in the north-west area of the premises, the arena character creates a unique atmosphere. Many parts of the track can be seen from here and the thrill and enthusiasm is transferred from drivers to spectators.

OSCHERSLEBEN

BODENWERDER

Müchhausenland Bodenwerder

Bodenwerder is a municipality in Holzminden district, Lower Saxony, Germany. It lies on the river Weser, upstream from Hamelin, at a point where the river has carved a gap in the hills. It is famous as the birthplace and residence of Baron Münchhausen and the Münchhausen museum and monument are notable tourist attractions.

The settlement was first granted the status of a town in 1287 by Ritter Heinrich II von Homburg. There was already an important bridge over the river here in 1289, which connected Hameln-Paderborn to Einbeck-Frankfurt. Around 1340 one of the Homburg Bodos was Lord of the Manor and originated a planned town with walls and towers. From him derives the town's name, which means "Bodo's Eyot".

In 1750, Baron Münchhausen retired to his estate here and told his famous stories to his friends. He died in 1797. His house was acquired by the town in 1935, which was used as the town hall; a room containing a Münchhausen museum was added.

The Münchhausen prize for literature is awarded in May each year.

BODENWERDER

NORDHOLZ

Museum Aeronauticum Nordholz # 2

The Aeronauticum   is the official German maritime aircraft museum - located in Nordholz (close to Cuxhaven). The museum has a large collection of aircraft that has been used by the German Marine/Navy. The name of the museum derives from the English word Aeronautics. On a 36.000 m² surface, there are 15 aircrafts to be seen that were used during WWII. In the museum itself, the historical and tecnical developmente of the maritime aircraft is explained.
NORDHOLZ

NORDHOLZ

Museum Aeronauticum Nordholz # 1

The Aeronauticum   is the official German maritime aircraft museum - located in Nordholz (close to Cuxhaven). The museum has a large collection of aircraft that has been used by the German Marine/Navy. The name of the museum derives from the English word Aeronautics. On a 36.000 m² surface, there are 15 aircrafts to be seen that were used during WWII. In the museum itself, the historical and tecnical developmente of the maritime aircraft is explained.

 

NORDHOLZ

ÜDERSEE

NaturFreundehaus Üdersee

The NaturFreundehaus in the Üdersee is a very big building with all facilities for big groups and families, but far away from civilization. It is a wonderful place to sit back and relax in a ‘green’ environment away from the city.

ÜDERSEE

NORDRHEIN-WESTFALEN

Naturpark Teutoburger Wald Externsteine # 1

The Externsteine are a distinctive rock formation located in North Rhine Westphalia (Germany) in the Southern part of the Teutoburg Forest. The formation is a tor consisting of several tall, narrow columns of rock which rise abruptly from the surrounding wooded hills and are a natural outcropping of five sandstone pillars.

All pillars have been modified and decorated by humans over the centuries and were a centre of religious activity for the Teutonic peoples and their predecessors prior to the arrival of Christianity in northern Europe. At the top of the tallest stone is a chamber, formerly used for sacrifices and the little decoration remains apart from one wall with a circular hole cut into it. Early studies have shown that this is some form of calendar. On the exact day each year when summer turns to winter, the sun shines exactly onto this hole.

Today, the Externsteine are one of the most frequently visited nature reserves in Westphalia.

NORDRHEIN-WESTFALEN

NORDRHEIN-WESTFAHLEN

Naturpark Teutoburgerpark Externsteine # 2

The Externsteine are a distinctive rock formation located in North Rhine Westphalia (Germany) in the Southern part of the Teutoburg Forest. The formation is a tor consisting of several tall, narrow columns of rock which rise abruptly from the surrounding wooded hills and are a natural outcropping of five sandstone pillars. All pillars have been modified and decorated by humans over the centuries and were a centre of religious activity for the Teutonic peoples and their predecessors prior to the arrival of Christianity in northern Europe. At the top of the tallest stone is a chamber, formerly used for sacrifices and the little decoration remains apart from one wall with a circular hole cut into it. Early studies have shown that this is some form of calendar. On the exact day each year when summer turns to winter, the sun shines exactly onto this hole.

Today, the Externsteine are one of the most frequently visited nature reserves in Westphalia.

 

NORDRHEIN-WESTFAHLEN

NÜRBURG

Neue Nürburgring 2009 #1

The Nürburgring is currently being expanded into a year-round leisure and business centre in order to provide visitors with better service, more offers and even more possibilities when it comes to motor sport. When you arrive you will be welcomed into the new welcome center.

From there you move on to the ring boulevard - an adventure world of brands from leading car manufacturers and accessories specialists. In addition, the new ringwerk has created an indoor theme park - a science centre, a museum and an adventure world rolled into one - all about the Nürburgring and motor sport in general.

NÜRBURG

NÜRBURG

Neue Nürburgring 2009 #2

The Nürburgring is currently being expanded into a year-round leisure and business centre in order to provide visitors with better service, more offers and even more possibilities when it comes to motor sport. When you arrive you will be welcomed into the new welcome center.

From there you move on to the ring boulevard - an adventure world of brands from leading car manufacturers and accessories specialists. In addition, the new ringwerk has created an indoor theme park - a science centre, a museum and an adventure world rolled into one - all about the Nürburgring and motor sport in general.

NÜRBURG

MANDERSCHEID

Niederburg

Manderscheid, a charmingly situated village in the Lieser valley, is known for its two castles: Oberburg (the upper castle) and Niederburg (the lower castle).

The Manderscheid family was the most powerful family in the Eifel region of Germany for a considerable period of time in the 15th century, and until today the imposing ruins remind the visitor of the glory of bygone times when the counts of Manderscheid had their residence here.

Niederburg Castle was probably built in the 12th century, shortly after Oberburg Castle had been built. By 1688 at the latest, Niederburg Castle and Oberburg Castle were destroyed. After being in the possession of France and then of Prussia both castles became administered by the Castles Administration of Rhineland-Palatinate. Niederburg Castle was restored in the late 70's and Oberburg Castle in the early 90's.

Niederburg Castle consists of more remnants than Oberburg Castle. It can be seen from far away because of its three-storey keep of the 12th century, having a trapezium shape.

MANDERSCHEID

NIEDERFINOW

Niederfinow Schiffshebewerk

The Niederfinow boat lift is the oldest working boat lift in Germany. It lies on the Oder-Havel-Kanal near Niederfinow in Brandenburg. The lift overcomes a difference in elevation of 36 metres.

On 17 June 1914 the large navigation between Berlin and Stettin was opened. Near Niederfinow the difference in elevation was overcome using a staircase lock with four chambers. One can still visit the remains of these locks today (seen in the foreground of the accompanying aerial photograph).

The capacity of the staircase locks was quickly exceeded, therefore, between 1927 and 1934 the boat lift was built and inaugurated on 21 March 1934. The lift is 60 m high, the length 94 m, taking five minutes for the trough to move through the 36m elevation difference.

The Niederfinow lift is a popular tourist destination with about 500,000 visitors per year

NIEDERFINOW

RÜDESHEIM

Niederwalddenkmal

The Niederwald Monument was built in the years from 1877 to 1883. The 38 m high monument was meant to commemorate the Franco-German War of 1870-1871 and the re-establishment of the German Empire.

It is located above the city of Rüdesheim in the federal state of Hessen and can be regarded as the landmark of the region. The 32 meters tall statue can be seen from quite a distance.

Each year thousands of tourists as well as locals pilgrimage to the Germania in order to commemorate the victims of the Thirty Years’ War.

The central figure of the monument is the 10.5 meters high and 32 tons heavy “Germania”. In her right hand she is proudly holding the recovered crown of the emperor, with her left she leans self-confidentially on the sword of the empire.

RÜDESHEIM

NORDERNEY

NORDERNEY - Alter Leuchtturm - Norderney

The old lighthouse of Norderney  is located in the middle of the east frisian Island Norderney on a 10 m high dune. The lighthouse was built in 1874. It’s tower height measures 54,60m and it is the island’s highest building. The lighthouse is seen as an important point of reference fot the navigation in the area.

NORDERNEY

NORDERNEY

Norderney im Nationalpark Wattemeer

Norderney is one of the seven populated East Frisian Islands off the North Sea coast of Germany. It is also a municipality in the district of Aurich in Lower Saxony.

The island is 14 km long and about 2.5 km wide, having a total area of about 26.3 square kilometres (10.2 sq mi) and is therefore Germany's tenth largest island. Norderney's population amounts to about 6,200 people. In 1946 Norderney gained municipal status and belongs to the Aurich "Kreis" (county). On the northern side of the island lies a 14 km long sandy beach.

The entire eastern half of Norderney belongs to the Wattenmeer National Park of Lower Saxony. Access to the park is restricted, as it is subdivided in zones of different accessibility for the protection of the wildlife. The status as a National Park also affects all kinds of traffic on the island, while especially car traffic is subject to strict regulations.

 

 

NORDERNEY

LANGEOOG

Nordinsel Langeoog

As one of the most beautiful North Sea Islands, Langeoog has simply everything to offer, which is every holiday maker's dream come true.
Langeoog has a beautiful 14 km long sandy beach and a spectacular dune landscape. The island is known as a North Sea health resort. The sun shines over 1500 hours of the year on Langeoog. Whether light breeze or heavy gale, each cloud is gone as fast as it arrives.

The so called 'island for life' is not only a paradise for families, sportsmen, recovery-seekers and singles, Langeoog is also for the nature-friendly, health-conscious and culture-interested people - simply for everyone.

On the 19 km² large island there are no cars allowed. However, you can discover the island by foot, a bicycle tour or on a guided horse carriage. Enjoy the 14 km long natural beach as you take a leisurely stroll or relax in one of our beach chairs, which you can rent for the day.

LANGEOOG

BORKUM

Nordseebad Borkum

Borkum is an island in the Leer District in Lower Saxony, northwestern Germany. It has an area of about 30.6 km² and a population of about 5.587. Borkum is bordered to the west by the Westerems strait (which forms the border with the Netherlands), to the east by the Osterems strait, to the north by the North Sea, and to the south by the Wadden Sea. It is the westernmost of the East Frisian Islands in the North Sea, due north of the Dutch province of Groningen.

Borkum formed from two islands which were still parted by a flow of shallow water in 1863. The seam between the former eastern and western parts is called Tüskendör ("through in between").

BORKUM

SANKT PETER-ORDING

Nordseeheilbad St. Peter Ording

Sankt Peter-Ording is a very popular German seaside spa and a municipality in the district of Nordfriesland, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is the only German seaside resort that has a sulphur spring and thus terms itself "North Sea healing spa and sulphur spring". By overnight stays, St. Peter-Ording is the largest German seaside spa in Germany, and it has the most overnight stays in Schleswig-Holstein.

SANKT PETER-ORDING

NÜRBURG

Nürburgring

The Nürburgring known as simply "the Ring" by motorsports enthusiasts, is a famous race track in Germany.

It features several track configurations. Only the shorter, modern 1980s version called "GP-Strecke" is currently used by major and international racing events. Michael Schumacher set the lap record on this 5.148 kilometres long track at 1'29.468 (Ferrari, 2004).

However, the older, much longer version of the Ring called the Nordschleife ("Northern Loop"), built in the 1920s around the village and medieval castle of Nürburg in the Eifel mountains, is still in use; nicknamed "The Green Hell" (Grüne Hölle) by Jackie Stewart, it is widely considered the toughest and most demanding purpose-built race track in the world.

Because of its demanding layout, the Nordschleife is used by many auto manufacturers as a proving ground for car prototypes. Some of the most notable corporate "Ring Rats" are BMW, Porsche, Mercedes-Benz, Audi, Nissan, Lexus and General Motors.

Since 1985 the Nürburgring has also hosted the "Rock am Ring", Germany's biggest Rock Festival, attracting close to 100,000 rock fans each year.

NÜRBURG

BÜCKEBURG

Paul Cornu

  • Location information
  • The Helicopter Museum Bückeburg right in the city center of Bückeburg, 50 miles west of Hanover, at Sable Square. It is the only Drehflüglermuseum in Germany and one of the few in the world. The museum describes the history and technology of helicopters.

BÜCKEBURG

RABEN

RABEN - Burg Rabenstein

In the hills of the Hohen Flämings, you can discover medieval castles. In 2001 Burg Rabenstein celebrated a 750 jubileum. Burg Rabenstein, at 153 m high "Steilen Hagen" located at Rabe, is part of the nature park Hoher Fläming. 
RABEN

HILDESHEIM

Rahaus Hildesheim

Hildesheim is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is located in the district of Hildesheim, about 30 km southeast of Hanover on the banks of the Innerste river, which is a small tributary of the Leine river.

The historic market place was once considered one of the most beautiful market places in the world. It was reconstructed in 1984–1990 in its former splendour, after its destruction in the March 1945 air raid.

HILDESHEIM

GOSLAR

Rammelsberg Goslar

The Rammelsberg mining complex was in continuous use for at least 1000 years, before it closed its doors in 1988 due to exhaustion. The uniqueness of this site lies in its long history of mining and metal production. A variety of metals were discovered here over the ages, including copper, zinc, lead, silver and gold.

The nearby town of Goslar owns its level of development to the mining industry. It achieved great prosperity in the late Middle Ages thanks to the revenues from mining, metal production and trade. Goslar also played an important role in the Hanseatic League.

In and around Rammelsberg and Goslar a great number of monuments give testimony to this period in history. Among the worldheritage listed are mine-owners' houses, underground tunnels and transportation tracks , office buildings and churches.

GOSLAR

RASDORF/GEISA

RASDORF/GEISA Gedenkstätte Point Alfa

Observation Post Alpha, OP Alpha or Point Alpha was a Cold War observation post between Rasdorf, Hesse, in what was then West Germany and Geisa, Thuringia, then part of East Germany. The post overlooked part of the "Fulda Gap", which would have been a prime invasion route for Warsaw Pact forces had the Cold War erupted into actual warfare. It was abandoned by the military in 1991. Today, the "Point Alpha" memorial commemorates its forty-year existence, and was dedicated to keep it and a section of inner German border as reminders of the division of Germany and the confrontation between NATO and Warsaw Pact in the Cold War

RASDORF/GEISA

KONZ

Rathaus Konz

The city of Konz couches on the confluence of Saar and Mosel and is the biggest wine producing community in the Mosel Saar Ruwer agricultural area. Konz is an ideal starting point for trips in the at trips at the place where Germany, France and Luxemburg meet.

The town hall on the market place town dates from the 1950's and remembers the baroque atmosphere of the Electorate in its details.

KONZ

COCHEM

Reichsburg

Cochem is probably the finest looking castle and scene directly on the banks of the Mosel river. The castle enjoys a commanding view over the Mosel and the town of Cochem. However even with the commanding view and the steep access to the castle, history has not been kind to the original. It was seized by the German emperor in 1151 and in 1294 was mortgaged to the archbishop of Trier.

The square tower visible at the center of the castle is the keep that served as a last gasp refuge for its residents when the battle created a serious threat of breach by the enemy. This did in fact happen in 1689 when King Louis XIV of France had the castle totally destroyed. It remained a ruin for about 200 years.

It was completely rebuilt by a Berlin merchant, Louise Ravene, according to the original plans. So, while the structure may not be the original, the plans are true to the original. It was sold by force to the German government in 1942 and since 1978 has been the property of the town of Cochem.

COCHEM

BERLIN

Reichstag

The Reichstag building is a historical edifice in Berlin, Germany, constructed to house the Reichstag, parliament of the German Empire. It was opened in 1894 and housed the Reichstag until 1933, when it was severely damaged in a fire set by Dutch communist Marinus van der Lubbe, who was posthumously pardoned in 2008.  

During the Nazi era, the few meetings of members of the Reichstag as a group were held in the Kroll Opera House. After the Second World War the Reichstag building fell into disuse as the parliament of the German Democratic Republic met in the Palace of the Republic in East Berlin and the parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany met in the Bundeshaus in Bonn.

The building was made safe against the elements and partially refurbished in the 1960s, but no attempt at full restoration was made until after the reunification of Germany on October 3, 1990, when it underwent reconstruction led by internationally renowned architect Norman Foster. After its completion in 1999, it became the meeting place of the modern German parliament, the Bundestag.

BERLIN

BAD DÜRKHEIM

Riesenfass

Bad Dürkheim is in the record books for the "Dürkheimer Fass" - the largest wine barrel in the world which could hold up to 1.700.000 litres. It was built in 1934 by Fritz Keller, a winemaker and cooper.

Two hundred 40 metres tall pines - about 200 m³ of wood - were used for building the barrel, which has a diameter of 13,5 m.

The barrel has never actually been filled with wine, inside it there is a rustic-style wine bar and restaurant. The interior is just as barrel-like as the outside, with skilfully carved oak barrel ends hanging on the walls illustrating the art of wine making. In summer you can sit outside in the wine garden in the shade of the giant cask.

BAD DÜRKHEIM

BAD HOMBURG

Saalburg

The Saalburg is a beautifully reconstructed Roman fort located on the Taunus ridge northwest of Bad Homburg. It is a Cohort Fort belonging to the Limes Germanicus (Latin for Germanic frontier), a remarkable line of frontier forts that divided the Roman Empire and the unsubdued Germanic tribes from the years 83 to 260.

At its height, the limes stretched from the North Sea outlet of the Rhine to near Regensburg on the Danube. The total length was 568 km and included at least 60 castles and 900 watchtowers.

In 2005, the remnants of the Upper Germanic & Rhaetian Limes, including Saalburg, were inscribed on the List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites as Frontiers of the Roman Empire.

BAD HOMBURG

SAARBURG

Saarburg castle

The lively history of the city of Saarburg and its castle began in 964 A.D. with the purchase of mount "Churbelun" by Count Siegfried von Luxemburg.

Of all the german castles built upon hills, the Saarburg is one of the oldest and loveliest. Its circular fortification, 137 meters long and up to 50 meters wide, was surrounded by 8-meter high walls. Because of its excellent topographical location - on a hilltop, surrounded by a river and ponds - not many invaders were successful in conquoring the Saarburg. The fortress offers a wonderful view of the city and of the Saar River Valley.

SAARBURG

SAARBURG

Saarburg waterfall

The city of Saarburg, known for its Medieval character, its bell foundry and its wine, is situated in the hilly landscape of the Saar River Valley. Its natural and historical attractions impress many guests year after year.

The waterfall on the Leukbach is the main attraction of the town today. The Leukbach flows through the middle of the city and plunges over a 20-meter cliff before it empties into the Saar River.

SAARBURG

SAARLAND

Saarschleife

Saarland is one of the 16 states of Germany, named after the Saar River which runs through the state from the south to the northwest.

Forest-lovers don't have far to go in the Saarland - one third of the land area of the Saarland is covered by forest, one of highest percentages in Germany.

Saarschleife is a quite remarkable place along the rivers course. Here, the Saar gradually carved its way through the mountains throughout the ages, creating a loop of 180 degrees. The forest trails on the surrounding hills provide a fantastic, breathtaking panorama of the "Saarschleife" horseshoe bend.

SAARLAND

SCHARNEBECK

SCHARNEBECK - 35 Jahre Schiffshebewerk

The Scharnebeck twin ship lift is on the Elbe-Seitenkanal, which connects the Elbe (at Artlenburg) and the Mittellandkanal (near Wolfsburg).

The boat lift was built in Scharnebeck to the North-east of Lüneburg in 1974 and was at that time the largest ship lift in the world. The first ship passed through the lift on 1975-12-05.

There is a museum at the site which can be visited by walkers.

SCHARNEBECK

NIEDERFINOW

Schiffshebewerk - Niederfinow

On 17 June 1914 the large navigation between Berlin and Stettin was opened. Near Niederfinow the difference in elevation was overcome using a staircase lock with four chambers. One can still visit the remains of these locks today (seen in the foreground of the accompanying aerial photograph).

 

The capacity of the staircase locks was quickly exceeded, therefore, between 1927 and 1934 the boat lift was built and inaugurated on 21 March 1934. The lift is 60 m high, the length 94 m, taking five minutes for the trough to move through the 36m elevation difference.

NIEDERFINOW

BERCHTESGADEN

Schloss Berchtesgaden

The town of Berchtesgaden is located in the south-east corner of Germany, just across the Austrian border from Salzburg.

The Augustine Abbey of Canons founded in 1102 eventually became an independent church state within the German Empire and became a prince-provostry in 1559. Until it was secularized in 1803 the monastery remained the residence of the ruling lords of Berchtesgaden. The castle became the summer residence of the Bavarian royal family in 1810.

The castle complex is the result of centuries of construction, alterations and additions that continued until the end of the 1700s. Though it is still privately owned by the Bavarian royal family, the main rooms are open to the public on regularly-scheduled guided tours. The upper rose garden with Renaissance fountains allows for an unbelievable view of the mountains and the “Watzmann”.

BERCHTESGADEN

BÜCKEBURG

Schloss Bückeburg

Bückeburg Castle (Schloss Bückeburg) was the residence of the Princes of Schaumburg-Lippe. Today, the Princely family, having surrendered political power in 1918, still lives there. The castle, which in part is open to the public, is a major touristic point of interest and houses important works of art. The building history spans 700 years, with the most important contributions stemming from the 16th,17th and 19th century.
BÜCKEBURG

KÖNIGSWINTER

Schloss Drachenburg

The Castle Drachenburg is a romantic castle surrounded by the wonderful nature of the Siebengebirge, which is definitely worth seeing.

Built between 1882 and 1884 by Stephan Sarter, a wealthy stock broker known as the “Baron of Sarter”, the castle is an imposing work of art from the period of promoterism, the architecture and design of which puts visitors into times long past.

The castle was heavily damaged during the 2nd World War and in the post-war period, so that in the 1960s it was empty and about to fall into decay. The "Northrhine-Westfalia Institution for the Maintenance of Nature Protection, Homeland and Culture" has been renovating the castle, which is classified as a historical monument.

A visit to Castle Drachenburg connects the cultural incentives of castle and park, museum and history with the intensive experience of free nature.

KÖNIGSWINTER

NEUSCHWANSTEIN

Schloss Neuschwanstein

Neuschwanstein Castle in the Bavarian Alps of Germany is the most famous palace built for Louis II of Bavaria, sometimes referred to as Mad King Ludwig, who grew up nearby at Hohenschwangau Castle.

Begun in 1869 and left unfinished at Louis's death in 1886, the castle is the embodiment of 19th century romanticism. In a fantastical imitation of a medieval castle, Neuschwanstein is set with towers and spires and is spectacularly sited on a high point over the Pöllat River gorge.

The construction of the castle was carried out according to a well thought-out plan. The castle was equipped with all kinds of technical conveniences which were very modern, if not to say revolutionary at that time. Running water on all floors. The spring which supplied the castle with excellent drinking water was located 200 meters above the castle. There was a hot water system for the kitchen and the bath and even toilets equipped with automatic flushing on every floor. The castle was also equipped with a warm air heating system for the entire building.

Neuschwanstein served as the inspiration for the Sleeping Beauty Castle at Disneyland and appears prominently in several films, including The Great Escape, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, The Timekeeper, Ludwig, and Spaceballs. Neuschwanstein Castle is a finalist for the New Seven Wonders of the World, along with 20 other would-be wonders.

NEUSCHWANSTEIN

ST. GOAR

Schloss Rheinfels

The Rheinfels castle was the most powerful fortress along the Middle Rhine. During the centuries it was the scene of numerous bloody sieges and violent changes of ownership. Only a few years after construction started in 1245 it was able to proof it was invincible: 8000 men on foot and 1000 knights supported by 50 ships attempted to capture the castle, but they gave up after one year and 14 weeks without making any progress.

Only Napoleon took possession of the castle without a fight in 1796. He had the fortifications and the castle blown up with the exception of a few remains. About one third of the castle has survived and now houses a museum, a restaurant, and a hotel. The castle belongs to the town of St. Goar since 1925.

ST. GOAR

POTSDAM

Schloss Sanssouci

Sanssouci is the former summer palace of Frederick the Great, King of Prussia, in Potsdam, near Berlin. It is often counted among the German rivals of Versailles. While Sanssouci is in the more intimate Rococo style and is far smaller than its French Baroque counterpart, it too is notable for the numerous temples and follies in the park. The palace was designed by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff between 1745 and 1747 to fulfil King Frederick's need for a private residence where he could relax away from the pomp and ceremony of the Berlin court. This is emphasised by the palace's name: a French phrase (sans souci) which translates loosely as "without worries" or "carefree" symbolising that the palace was a place for relaxation rather than a seat of power. The palace is little more than a large single-storey villa—more like the Château de Marly than Versailles. Containing just ten principal rooms, it was built on the brow of a terraced hill at the centre of the park. The influence of King Frederick's personal taste in the design and decoration of the palace was so great that its style is characterised as "Frederician Rococo", and his feelings for the palace were so strong that he conceived it as "a place that would die with him". Because of a disagreement about the site of the palace in the park, Knobelsdorff was fired in 1746. Jan Bouman, a Dutch architect, finished the project.

During the 19th century, the palace became a residence of Frederick William IV. He employed the architect Ludwig Persius to restore and enlarge the palace, while Ferdinand von Arnim was charged with improving the grounds and thus the view from the palace. The town of Potsdam, with its palaces, was a favourite place of residence for the German imperial family until the fall of the Hohenzollern dynasty in 1918.

POTSDAM

SAYN

Schloss Sayn

This former mansion of the Herren von Reiffenberg dates back to the middle ages. In 1848 Prince Ludwig Adolph Friedrich von Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg purchased the manor and had it turned into a neo-gothic palace by François Joseph Girard, who later was to become the main architect at the Louvre in Paris.

The palace, almost completely destroyed near the end of World War II, was completely restored in different phases. Since the completion of the construction works in summer 2000, the exterior of the palace resembles the original neo-gothic appearance.

Together with the castle hill and the park the neo-gothic Schloss sayn is the centerpiece of a romantic ideal landscape. A museum has been created inside the castle, while the surrounding park draws its special charm from a multitude of rare trees, the lake with its fountain, an artistic grotto, the ruin of a baroque pavillion, a Virgin Mary-chapel and the creeks Sayn and Brex, which surround the area.

Main attraction in this park today is the Garden of the living Butterflies, where visitors can take a journey into a little tropic paradise with colourful flourish of exotic butterflies.

SAYN

ORANIENBURG

Schlosspark Oranienburg # 2

The estate was a gift from the Great Elector to his wife Louise Henriette, Princess of Orange-Nassau. The palace was named "Oranienburg" in her honor as early as 1652, and a year later the village of Bötzow, where the estate was located, also took on this name.
An existing hunting lodge was converted and expanded into the palace from 1651-55 by the architect Johann Gregor Memhardt.
A palace structure emerged, whose Dutch influence is unmistakable in both the exterior and interior design.

From 1689-1711, the Elector Frederick III (later King Frederick I) had his mother's former country estate enlarged. Under the direction of Johann Arnold Nering and Johann Friedrich Eosander, one of the most significant Baroque palaces, gardens and city complexes in the Brandenburg Marches was created. The building was later sold by the royal court chamberlain's offices in 1802.

Today the palace belongs to the city of Oranienburg. Since 2001, the palace museum has exhibited works of art mainly by Dutch artists, including paintings by Jan Lievens, Govert Flinck, Jan Mijtens and Anthony van Dyck. The Porcelain Chamber is the highlight of the royal apartment. At one time nearly 5000 pieces of porcelain were displayed here. Today, one of the étagère that was created for this room around 1695 is set with East Asian porcelain from the 17th and 18th centuries and provides a glimpse of the former splendor.
ORANIENBURG

ORANIENBURG

Schlosspark Oranienburg # 1

The estate was a gift from the Great Elector to his wife Louise Henriette, Princess of Orange-Nassau. The palace was named "Oranienburg" in her honor as early as 1652, and a year later the village of Bötzow, where the estate was located, also took on this name.
An existing hunting lodge was converted and expanded into the palace from 1651-55 by the architect Johann Gregor Memhardt.
A palace structure emerged, whose Dutch influence is unmistakable in both the exterior and interior design.

From 1689-1711, the Elector Frederick III (later King Frederick I) had his mother's former country estate enlarged. Under the direction of Johann Arnold Nering and Johann Friedrich Eosander, one of the most significant Baroque palaces, gardens and city complexes in the Brandenburg Marches was created. The building was later sold by the royal court chamberlain's offices in 1802.

Today the palace belongs to the city of Oranienburg. Since 2001, the palace museum has exhibited works of art mainly by Dutch artists, including paintings by Jan Lievens, Govert Flinck, Jan Mijtens and Anthony van Dyck. The Porcelain Chamber is the highlight of the royal apartment. At one time nearly 5000 pieces of porcelain were displayed here. Today, one of the étagère that was created for this room around 1695 is set with East Asian porcelain from the 17th and 18th centuries and provides a glimpse of the former splendor.

ORANIENBURG

KLEVE

Schwanenburg

The Schwanenburg ("Swan's Castle"), with its 55 meters vast tower topped by a golden swan, is the town's landmark of Cleves in Germany. The cities most famous native is Anne of Cleves (1515-1557), the wife of Henry VIII of England.

The original castle was built in the 10th century on top of the hill around which the town later extended. The building was remodelled in a Gothic style in the 15th century, followed by a revamp in Baroque style in the 17th century.

It was the former residence of the Duke of Cleves until the 18th century, when it fell in to use by the local government. In 1917 it served as a prison. Today it is again used for government purposes and the tower houses a museum of geology and the history of Cleve.

The castle is associated with the legend of teh "Knights of the Swan", immortalized in Richard Wagner's Lohengrin.

KLEVE

OSTE

Schwebefähre

Osten Transporter Bridge is an 80 metre long transporter bridge over the Oste River in Oste, Lower Saxony, Germany. It was built in 1908-9 and was in regular use until 1974 and is now only used as tourist attraction.

OSTE

RÜDESHEIM

Seilbahn Rüdesheim

In order to do justice to the numerous visitors who wanted to see the Niederwalddenkmal in Rüdesheim, a rack railway was built in 1884. This was the forerunner of today's cable-car, which transported the visitors through the vineyards to the monument.

The rack railway was replaced by the cable-car in 1954. Since then, more than 20 million people from all over the world have glided in 2-person cars over the vines on their way to the Niederwald Monument.

Cable Car Fact Sheet
- "Einseil-Umlaufbahn"
- 100 halfclosed cabs
- Difference in height 203 m
- Distance covered length 1400 m
- Travel time 10 minutes
- 600 persons in each direction per hour

RÜDESHEIM

COCHEM

Senfmühle

This mustard mill was built in 1810 and ranks among the oldest in Europe. The original location of the mill is unknown, but records show that it was restored and operated in Belgium in 1931 and after that eventually moved to the Netherlands. In 1997, this technical monument - however in a very bad condition - was acquired by its current owner Mr. Wolfgang Steffens, who meticulously overhauled and refurbished it.

The grinding process is carried out by millstones weighing 525 kg. Using the cold-grind method, the 200-year-old mustard mill is now back into operation and produces award-winning mustard specialities, based on recipes handed over through generations. The goal is to manufacture mustard such as it was made in the year of construction of the mustard mill, with all the valuable content of the whole mustard seed and with all the ethereal oils and natural substances completely preserved. The daily production is just 360 kg.

COCHEM

AACHEN

Siegel Karl der Großen

Charles the Great; possibly 742 – 28 January 814) was King of the Franks from 768 and Emperor of the Romans (Imperator Romanorum) from 800 to his death in 814. He expanded the Frankish kingdom into an empire that incorporated much of Western and Central Europe. During his reign, he conquered Italy and was crowned Imperator Augustus by Pope Leo III on 25 December 800. His rule is also associated with the Carolingian Renaissance, a revival of art, religion, and culture through the medium of the Catholic Church. Through his foreign conquests and internal reforms, Charlemagne helped define both Western Europe and the Middle Ages. He is numbered as Charles I in the regal lists of Germany, the Holy Roman Empire, and France.

Today he is regarded not only as the founding father of both French and German monarchies, but also as a Pater Europae (father of Europe) his empire united most of Western Europe for the first time since the Romans, and the Carolingian renaissance encouraged the formation of a common European identity.

 

AACHEN

SPREEWALD

Spreewald

The Spreewald is situated 100 km south-east of Berlin and designated a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1991. It is known for its traditional irrigation system which consists of more than 200 small channels (called "Fließe"; total length : 1,300 km ) within the 484-square-kilometre (187 sq mi) area. The landscape was shaped during the ice-age. Alder forests on wetlands and pine forests on sandy dry areas are characteristic for the region, however, also grasslands and fields can be found.

As of 1998 about 50,000 people live in the biosphere reserve. Many of them are descendants of the first settlers in the Spreewald region, the Slavic tribes of the Sorbs/Wends. Until today, they have preserved their traditional language, customs and clothing.

People mostly depend on tourism. Many tourists enjoy the exploration of the Spreewald in punts. However, also agriculture, forestry and fishery are important sources of income. The principal town of the area is Lübbenau.

SPREEWALD

HILDESHEIM

St. Michaeliskirche Hildesheim

Abbey Church of St. Michael's was constructed between 1001 and 1031 under the direction of Bishop Bernward of Hildesheim (993-1022) as the chapel of his Benedictine monastery. Bernward named the church after the archangel Michael, the Christian angel of protection who carries the deceased to heaven, because he planned to be buried in the Michaeliskirche[citation needed]. Bernward's plans were spoiled by his death in 1022, eleven years before the completion and consecration of the church in 1033. Bernward's successor, Godehard, transferred Bernward's remains to the crypt following its completion.

In 1186, after a reconstruction following a fire, Hildesheim's Bishop Adelog of Dorstedt - assisted by Tammo, Prince-Bishop of Verden - reconsecrated St. Michael's.

When the Reformation was adopted in Hildesheim in 1542, St. Michael's Church became Lutheran, but the Benedictine monastery remained existing until it was secularized in 1803. The monks would still use the church and its crypt, which remain Catholic to this day.

St. Michael's Church was destroyed in an air raid during World War II on 22 March 1945, but reconstruction was begun in 1950 and completed in 1957. In 1985, the church became a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site, along with the Cathedral of Hildesheim, its collection of medieval treasures and its 1000-year old rosebush.

HILDESHEIM

NEUSTADT AN DER WEINSTRAßE

Stiftskirche

The city of Neustadt an der Weinstraße in Rhineland-Palatinate has a beautiful old town centre with a market square surrounded by many half-timbered houses.

Neustadt’s most famous landmark is the imposing twin-towered Stiftskirche that towers over the city and the surrounding vineyards.
This gothic building is a so-called 'Double Church', a church with two separated spaces for different beliefs. Most Double Churches were built in the 11th and 12th century in Germany after the Reformation. In 1714, due to continuous friction between Catholics and Protestants, a separation wall was built inside the church. The wall still stands today.

The Stiftskirche possesses one of the largest cast steel bells in the world: the 'Imperial Bell' with a diameter of 3,21m and a weight of 4000kg. Not to forget the 800 kg clapper.

NEUSTADT AN DER WEINSTRAßE

STOLPEN

STOLPEN Burg Stolpen in Sachsen

Stolpen Castle is built on top of a rock in the centre of the town and has been a dominant feature in the history of Saxony since 1100, with the current castle constructed from around 1218. It has been used as a residence for the Bishops of Meissen, and for the ruling members of the region. Augustus II the Strong imprisoned his mistress Countess Costel here. Parts of the castle fell into disrepair and were demolished in the 18th century. Napoleonic troops occupied part of it on their retreat from Russia in 1813. Since the 19th century it has been carefully looked after, and today welcomes 140,000 visitors a year to see the museum exhibitions and remains.

STOLPEN

PRENZLAU

Strandcafe Balu

A trendy beach bar with a Beach lounge and a Relaxation area with hammocks and bamboo chairs. There is also a Beach play area for children

PRENZLAU

SCHARFENSTEIN

STÜLPNER - Karl Stülpner

Karl Stuelpner , actually Carl Heinrich Stilpner , (* September 30 1762 in Scharfstein , † September 24 1841 ) was an Ore Mountain soldier , poacher , smuggler , producer and live artist . Novels, plays and folk tales have contributed to an extensive legends and led to Stuelpner today sometimes called " Saxon Robin Hood is called. " He lived in a time of historic upheaval ( French Revolution , Napoleonic Wars, incipient industrialization ), which was particularly marked in Saxony of social injustice. The feudal system of society guaranteed the income of the upper class, while the rural population has been exposed often inadequate living conditions. The numerous varieties of deer in the Erzgebirge forests could not be hunted, which may have contributed to a certain recognition of the wild thief Stuelpner of ordinary people
  • Location information
  • http://toolserver.org/~apper/pd/person/Karl_St%C3%BClpner

SCHARFENSTEIN

LABOE

Technisches Museum U-995 in Laboe

U995 was laid down as a type VIIc/41 U-boat on 25th November 1942 at Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany, and was launched on July, 22nd. Despite damage inflicted by an allied bomb raid, the boat was commissioned on September 16th, 1943 with Oberleutnant (Lieutenant Junior Grade) Walter Köhntopp in command.
From September 16th, 1943, to May 31st, 1944, U 995 belonged to the 5th submarine flotilla (5. U-Boot-Flottille) in Kiel, Germany.
During this time the submarine and it's crew underwent extensive operational training. On May 21st, 1944, U995 was attacked by a Canadian Sunderland aircraft (Sqdn OTU 4/S) with 5 men of the crew being wounded.

After completion of training, U 995 was transferred on June 1st, 1944, as a front boat to the 13th submarine flotilla (13. U-Boot-Flottille) inTrondheim, Norway, to fight the allied convoys, that supplied the Soviet Union with arms, ammunition and other ordnance. On October 10th, 1944 Oberleutnant (Lieutenant Junior Grade) Hans-Georg Hess became new commanding officer (CO) of U995, which was transferred on March 1st, 1945, to the 14th submarine flotilla (14. U-Boot-Flottille) in Narvik, Norway. During her term of service, U995 conducted nine patrols, during which the boat sunk a total of two merchant ships, one Soviet patrol craft, one Soviet auxiliary mine sweeper and one Soviet motorboat.
At the time of the German capitulation on May, 8th, 1945, U995 was
moored at Trondheim, Norway, to be equipped with a snorkel. The boat was not scuttled or destroyed by the crew, but surrendered to the British and eventually transferred into Norwegian ownership in October 1948.

In December 1952 ex-U 995 was recommissioned by the Norwegian Royal Navy under the new name “Kaura” (NATO-identification number S 309). In 1962 the submarine was finally decommissioned. Instead of being broken up, it was decided by the Norwegian government to give back ex-U995 to the Federal Republic of Germany (Western Germany) as a token of regained friendship after the bitter experience of the German occupation from 1940 to 1945.
In 1965 the submarine was transferred to Kiel, where it was re-named
U995 and re-converted to it's war-time appearance and eventually became a museum ship at Laboe in front of the German Naval Memorial in March 1972.

LABOE

SABABURG

Tierpark Sababurg

The history of the Tierpark in Sababurg goes back to 1571. During this period The park was a zoological garden that measured 130 hectares of land.

Tierpark Sababurg is one of the largest and oldest wildlife parks in Europe.

It is also a home to endangered native species of Germany.


SABABURG

PRENZLAU

Uckermark

The Uckermark, a historical region in northeastern Germany, currently[update] straddles the Uckermark District of Brandenburg and the Uecker-Randow District of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Its traditional capital is Prenzlau.

The region is named after the Uecker River, which is a tributary of the Oder; the name Uckermark means "March of the Uecker". The river's source is close to Angermünde, from where it runs northward to Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The Oder River, forming the German-Polish border, bounds the region in the east. The western parts of the Lower Oder Valley National Park are located in the Uckermark.

PRENZLAU

VAALS

VAALS - Drielandenpunt

On Mount Vaals, southwest of Aachen, the borders of Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands meet.
At 323m above sealevel, the highest elevation in the Netherlands is only a few meters from the three border point. On the Belgian side, there is a tower with a panoramic view of the three countries. Most tourist attractions are in the Netherlands: A Labyrinth, a playground, clay pigeon shooting, souvenir shops and restaurants. The German side is a forest.
The Three Country Point is accessible by car from Gemmenich in Belgium and Vaals in the Netherlands. The borders are marked on the ground surrounding the boundary marker. The fourth line within the Belgian segment hints at the area "Neutral-Moresnet", which was established in 1816 due to a dispute over a zinc mine, but became part of Belgium in 1919.
VAALS

ARNSTADT

Veste Wachsenburg

The Wachsenburg Fortress is one of the three legendary castles "Drei Gleichen". Gleichen is the name of two groups of castles in Germany, thus named from their resemblance to each other.

Mentioned for the first time in the 10th century the Fortress became it's today's appearance in the Renaissance period (16th century). It was built to protect the Arnstadt area.

After the year of 1710, the castle was constructed as a fortress. In the yard of the fortress, there is a well which is 100 meters deep.The castle is still inhabited and contains a collection of weapons and pictures belonging to its owner, the duke of-Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, whose family obtained possession of it in 1368.

ARNSTADT

BORG

Villa Borg

The Roman Villa Borg is a reconstructed Roman villa rustica located near the villages of Borg and Oberleuken in the municipality of Perl in Saarland, Germany. Discovered at the end of the 19th century, the site was excavated in the late 1980s. Reconstruction work, which began in the mid 1990s, was virtually completed in late 2008 although further excavation work is still continuing. The site is a popular tourist attraction with some 50,000 visitors per year.

It was Johann Schneider, a local schoolteacher, who around the year 1900 first came across the site after noticing unnatural mounds in the area. He soon discovered the remains of walls as well as Roman pottery. Partly as a result of the World Wars, little was done until the mid 1980s when the Saarland authorities fenced the site off after illegal excavations started to threaten its survival. Systematic excavation work began in 1987. The excavations soon revealed evidence of pre-Roman inhabitation directly below the foundations of the Roman villa. Not only were there traces of Iron Age structures but also of Beaker culture settlements. Tools dating from the Neolithic period were also found on the site.

  

 

BORG

WANGEROOGE

WANGEROOGE - Alter Leuchtturm Erbaut 1856

Wangerooge is one of the 32 Frisian Islands in the North Sea located close to the coasts of the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark. It is also a municipality in the district of Friesland in Lower Saxony in Germany.

Wangerooge is one of the East Frisian Islands. It is the easternmost and smallest of the inhabited islands in this group (according to some other measurements, Baltrum is the smallest) and the only one that belonged to the historical district of Oldenburg between 1815 and 1947, whereas Borkum, Juist, Norderney, Baltrum, Langeoog and Spiekeroog always belonged to the county of Ostfriesland. As of the census of 2004, the island has 1,055 inhabitants. Especially in summer the island accommodates more than 7,000 visitors a day.

The island is attractive to tourists due to the beaches, various recreation facilities and its relaxed atmosphere. The island's slogan, visible on a sign at the harbor, emphasizes this: "God created time, but he never mentioned haste." A yearly beach volleyball tournament, usually held at the beginning of August, is one of the main attractions in the summer, and has served to modify the general impression that the island is exclusively attractive to older people and young families. In addition, windsurfing, kite-surfing and board-riding activities attract younger people.

In order to guarantee recreation, cars are prohibited on the island. The island can be reached by ship from Harlesiel, or it can be reached by plane from Harlesiel, Bremen, or Hamburg. The ferries leave at different times every day according to the tide. As on most East Frisian Islands, a small narrow gauge railway line, the Wangerooge Island Railway, connects the harbor to the main village.

As for historical sites and other places of interest, the island has one active lighthouse, one old lighthouse, and the Western Tower. Since the whole island used to be shifting constantly eastwards until sea defenses were built a century ago, old buildings were gradually lost to the sea. The Western Tower was built in 1597 and was originally in the east of the island.

Wangerooge is also known as the site of a historic World War II B-17 Flying Fortress crash, or rather a double crash. During a bombing mission on Hamburg on New Year's Eve, 1944, a B-17 squadron was attacked by German fighter planes on its homeward flight. While in tight formation, one plane was shot down and became entangled with the plane below it. One of the pilots managed to take control of the two aircraft and steer them back towards the German coast for an emergency landing. At the time, the two entangled aircraft were described as resembling breeding dragonflies as the ball turrets of each plane were caught in the chassis of the other. Most of the crew bailed out, while two remained and successfully made a crash landing in a field.

WANGEROOGE

WAREN

Waren (Müritz)

Waren (Müritz) is a town in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany, capital of the Müritz district (Kreis). It is situated on the northern end of Lake Müritz, approximately 40 km west of Neubrandenburg.

The place is first mentioned by the Greek geographer Claudius Ptolemy 150 A.D. as Virunum. Therefore it is one of the first documented settlements in the area of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The name probably comes from the slavic word for "place of crows or ravens". Another possibility is that it refers to the Germanic tribe of the Warini who settled in this area.

 

The medieval town was founded in 1260 by settlers from Westphalia on a trading route from Wismar to Burg Stargard next to a castle and a Slavic village. The origins of Waren were around Saint George' church which was first mentioned in 1273. In 1292 Waren was described as a civitas and got town privileges. From 1331 on it was called an oppidum. From 1347 to 1425 it was the residence of a branch line of the princes of Werle who were part of the Obodrites family.

WAREN

NEUMAGEN-DHRON

Weinschiff

The quiet little wine-town Neumagen-Dhron is a close-knit community with a real “village feel” and a friendly atmosphere that puts the visitor completely at ease. It claims to be the oldest wine village in Germany – and can prove it with the third-century stone carving of a wine-ship.

The Neumagen Wineship dating from 205 A.D. was discovered, along with other Roman remains, in the village at the end of the 19th century. The sculpture is considered to be a part of a grave monument erected to the memory of a wealthy Roman wine trader and it bears witness to nearly 1800 years of wine making in this area.

The original sculpture can be found in the State Museum in Trier.

NEUMAGEN-DHRON

HANN. MÜNDEN

Welfenschloss

The initial construction of the Welfenschloss Hann. Munden started in 1501 and was ordered by Duke Erich I. Initially it was meant to be built in the gothic style.

After it was almost completed, it was caught in a great fire. Duke Erich II started rebuilding the Welfenschloss in 1560. With the only difference it got a Renaissance touch to it.

 

During the 1600’s the building lost it’s importance and it was only used as a residence for important people.

 

In 1849 a new fire destroyed the south wing of the Welfenschloss, which was never rebuilt.

 

Nowadays the Welfenschloss is used to store the city archives, and as a public library.

HANN. MÜNDEN

WANGEROOGE

Weltnaturerbe Wattenmeer

Wangerooge is one of the 32 Frisian Islands in the North Sea located close to the coasts of the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark. It is also a municipality in the district of Friesland in Lower Saxony in Germany.

 

Wangerooge is one of the East Frisian Islands. It is the easternmost and smallest of the inhabited islands in this group (according to some other measurements, Baltrum is the smallest) and the only one that belonged to the historical district of Oldenburg between 1815 and 1947, whereas Borkum, Juist, Norderney, Baltrum, Langeoog and Spiekeroog always belonged to the county of Ostfriesland. As of the census of 2004, the island has 1,055 inhabitants. Especially in summer the island accommodates more than 7,000 visitors a day.

 

WANGEROOGE

HANN. MÜNDEN

Weserranaissance Rathaus Hann Munden

 Hann. Münden (short for Hannoversch Münden) is the German official name of a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. The city is located in the district of Göttingen at the confluence of the the Fulda and Werra rivers, which join to form of the river Weser. It has 28,000 inhabitants. It is famous for its old houses, some of them more than 600 years old.The place is first mentioned in the deed of donation of Gimundi to the abbey of Fulda (802). City rights were probably granted during the latter half of the 12th century.

The name of the town was originally Münden. The official name was changed to Hannoversch Münden (from the former affiliation with the kingdom of Hanover) in order to distinguish Münden from Minden (which is similarly pronounced). Later, to avoid confusion with Hanover, the city's name was abbreviated to Hann. Münden. Inhabitants still generally refer to their own town as Münden.

HANN. MÜNDEN

HANN. MÜNDEN

Weserstein

The Weser stones are two memorial stones in Hann.

The (old) Weser is a memorial stone on placed on the

2nd  September of 1899.

It has a patriotic text of four lines:

Wo Werra sich und Fulda küssen

Sie ihre Namen büssen müssen,

Und hier entsteht durch diesen Kuss

 

Deutsch bis zum Meer der Weser Fluss.

Hann. Münden, d. 31. Juli 1899

 

The stone was donated by the Industrial Natermann and his son.

 

HANN. MÜNDEN

WANGEROOGE

Westturm Wangerooge

Wangerooge is one of the 32 Frisian Islands in the North Sea located close to the coasts of the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark. It is also a municipality in the district of Friesland in Lower Saxony in Germany.

Wangerooge is one of the East Frisian Islands. It is the easternmost and smallest of the inhabited islands in this group (according to some other measurements,

The island is attractive to tourists due to the beaches, various recreation facilities and its relaxed atmosphere. The island's slogan, visible on a sign at the harbor, emphasizes this: "God created time, but he never mentioned haste." A yearly beach volleyball tournament, usually held at the beginning of August, is one of the main attractions in the summer, and has served to modify the general impression that the island is exclusively attractive to older people and young families. In addition, windsurfing, kite-surfing and board-riding activities attract younger people.

As for historical sites and other places of interest, the island has one active lighthouse, one old lighthouse, and the Western Tower. Since the whole island used to be shifting constantly eastwards until sea defenses were built a century ago, old buildings were gradually lost to the sea. The Western Tower was built in 1597 and was originally in the east of the island.

WANGEROOGE

WILLINGEN

Wild - und Freizeitpark Willingen

In the timber forest of the park, which is situated in a nature reserve, you will find a wildlife enclosure with hoofed game (fallow, red and sika deer), exotic animals (Barbary Macaques, parrots) and predators (brown bears, wildcats). Professional falconers supervise impressive and informative shows with birds of prey daily.

The petting zoo offers close contact with the animals, whilst a walk along the nature trail is accompanied by many instruction boards offering interesting information on the great variety of animals and plants that can be found in our native woods.The hunting museum with its underwater world offers an exciting insight into indigenous marine life shown in two large aquariums.Dinoland, the wonderful world of fairy tales and goblins, leisure equipment and new and exciting event programmes offered each year are just a few of the many thrills that await you at Wild- und Freizeitpark Willingen am Ettelsberg!

WILLINGEN

GIFHORN

Windmillmuseum - Portugese Windmill

The International Wind- and Watermill Museum (German: Internationales Wind- und Wassermühlen-Museum), at Gifhorn in the German state of Lower Saxony, is the only one of its kind in Europe. On the museum's open air site, which covers an area of around 16 hectares (40 acres). The mills are either original or faithful reproductions and are set in landscapes typical of their origins. Right across the site are historic artefacts associated with mills and the milling industry.

This replica mill comes from Torres Vedras in central Portugal. It also represents the type of mill found on the Algarve coast. The mill, with its four triangular sails, is typical of Portugal and the Mediterranean area.

GIFHORN

GIFHORN

Windmillmuseum : Bergholländer

The International Wind- and Watermill Museum (German: Internationales Wind- und Wassermühlen-Museum), at Gifhorn in the German state of Lower Saxony, is the only one of its kind in Europe. On the museum's open air site, which covers an area of around 16 hectares (40 acres). The mills are either original or faithful reproductions and are set in landscapes typical of their origins. Right across the site are historic artefacts associated with mills and the milling industry.

This tower mill comes from Westdorf in the district of Dithmarschen, where it was built in 1848 under the name Immanuel. It is one of the original three mills that was established at the museum. It is described in German as a Bergholländer ("Dutch hill mill") or Kellerholländer ("Dutch cellar mill"). These terms indicated that, in the former case that the mill was built on a small hill, and in the latter, that it had a cellar into which the horses and carts could be driven. During the course of its history the mill was modified many times and evolved into a highly technical mill including, inter alia an automatic wind rose. The sails could be adjusted to the wind speed. In 1969 the last miller offered to donate the mill in a newspaper advert on the condition that it was rebuilt. The newspaper publisher, Axel Springer, acquired the mill and had it restored. Later he donated it to the mill museum, where it was rebuilt in 1979.

GIFHORN

WUPPERTAL

Zoo Wuppertal

Over 5.000 animals of approximately 500 different kinds from all continents live in the Wuppertaler zoo.

The animal ranges, houses and outdoor installations are incorporated into the landscape which is shaped by old tree existence and give to the zoo its own note. In the modern animal residendes visitors can find apes, bears, elephants and reptiles.

The Zoo Wuppertal possesses also a music shell, which is frequently used in the summer months for garden concerts.

WUPPERTAL

NIEDERFINOW

Zum Barnimer Holzmilch

The Niederfinow boat lift is the oldest working boat lift in Germany. It lies on the Oder-Havel-Kanal near Niederfinow in Brandenburg. The lift overcomes a difference in elevation of 36 metres.

On 17 June 1914 the large navigation between Berlin and Stettin was opened. Near Niederfinow the difference in elevation was overcome using a staircase lock with four chambers. One can still visit the remains of these locks today (seen in the foreground of the accompanying aerial photograph).

The capacity of the staircase locks was quickly exceeded, therefore, between 1927 and 1934 the boat lift was built and inaugurated on 21 March 1934. The lift is 60 m high, the length 94 m, taking five minutes for the trough to move through the 36m elevation difference.

The Niederfinow lift is a popular tourist destination with about 500,000 visitors per year

NIEDERFINOW